Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Krovotechivost gums can be a sign that the patient is at risk of gum disease or are already sick of it.However, persistent gum bleeding may be associated with serious diseases - such as leukemia and dysfunction of platelets (small cell fragments that circulate in the blood stream, respond to any vascular injury and plays an important role in hemostasis and thrombosis).
is important to follow the instructions of your dentist to maintain healthy gums.Improper equipment use a toothbrush or dental floss can irritate or injure gum tissue.
reasons for bleeding gums
Bleeding gums is mainly due to inadequate plaque removal from the teeth at the gum line.This leads to a condition called "gingivitis", or inflammation of the gums.If plaque is not removed through regular brushing his (possible at the dentist), it hardens into a so-called "plaque."Ultimately, this will lead to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of the disease of the gums and jaw bone - periodontitis.
Other causes of bleeding gum
- any bleeding disorder;
- too strong cleaning of the gums;
- hormonal changes during pregnancy;
- idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, thrombocytopenic purpura, or disease, or earlier - hemorrhagic thrombocytopenia (decrease in blood platelets);
- tight installation of dentures;
- improper use of dental floss;
- infection, which may be connected with the teeth;
- the use of blood thinners;
- deficiency of vitamin K (potassium).
Treatment and prevention of bleeding gums
necessary to visit the dentist for plaque removal at least once every 6 months.Follow the instructions of the dentist at home for gum care.
teeth brushing should be gentle, soft-bristle toothbrush after every meal.The dentist may recommend rinsing with salt water or hydrogen peroxide to water.We recommend avoiding the use of alcohol-containing commercial mouthwash - it will exacerbate the problem.
Brushing your teeth twice a day can prevent plaque.It may also help to avoid snacking between meals and reducing the consumption of simple carbohydrates.It is necessary to establish for themselves a balanced, healthy diet.
- avoiding the use of tobacco, which aggravates bleeding gums;
- to control bleeding gums, applying gentle rubbing the gums with a gauze pad soaked in ice water;
- if the patient has been diagnosed with vitamin deficiency, it is recommended to take vitamin supplements;
- avoid the use of aspirin, if the doctor did not recommend;
- if the assigned medication irritates the gums doctor, you need to ask your doctor to recommend another medication.Do not change the medication without consulting your doctor;
- need to see a dentist if dentures are not properly installed, or if they cause pain in the gums;
necessary to consult a doctor if:
- heavy bleeding or long-term (chronic);
- gums continue to bleed even after treatment;
- have other unexplained symptoms associated with bleeding.
Dentist examining patient's teeth and gums may want to find out the following:
- whether a large amount of bleeding gums in a patient;
- when it started bleeding, is not it time recently;
- gums bleed frequently or only occasionally;
- whether the patient before the problem with the gums;
- how often the patient cleans the gums;
- how often a patient uses dental floss;
- soft or hard bristle toothbrush to clean the patient uses the gums;
- how active the patient cleans the gums;
- what other means for gums homecare patient use (toothpicks or other);
- the last time the patient was cleaning the teeth and gums at a reception at the dentist;
- whether the patient has changed diet;
- whether sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables consumes the patient;
- whether the patient takes extra vitamins;
- if the patient adheres to a diet high in carbohydrates (pasta);
- what medications the patient takes;Whether it takes blood thinners (such as Coumadin, Heparin or Aspirin);
- whether the patient (th) pregnancy (which can affect bleeding gums);
- whether changed recently mouthwash and toothpaste;
- What other symptoms are present in the patient (eg, sore throat, etc.).
Diagnostic tests that may be performed when examination of the patient:
- blood tests - the total or differential blood tests;
- X-rays of the teeth and jaw.
12 Aug, 2017