Bleeding under the nail
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 24, 2016
Alternative names: splinter hemorrhages
Bleeding under the fingernails - which are small areas of bleeding (hemorrhage) under the fingernails, which look like thin, red or reddish-brown lines and extend in the direction of nail growth on the hands or feet.
neroedko you can hear the name of this symptom - "splinter hemorrhages."They are named so because they look like splinters under the fingernails.Bleeding can be caused by tiny clots that damage the small capillaries under the nails.
Nail hemorrhage can develop together with infection of the heart valves or, alternatively, an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart - the endocardium (endocarditis).They can also be caused by a serious condition in which blood vessels of various organs (vasculitis) or tiny clots that damage the small capillaries (microembolisms) can be damaged by the swelling of blood vessels.
reasons hemorrhages under the nails
- bacterial endocarditis;
- nail trauma (nail).
Note: nail hemorrhages usually appear at
Diagnosis and treatment
There is no specific care for patients with splinter hemorrhages.We recommend to follow the doctor's instructions for treating endocarditis.
necessary to consult a doctor if the patient notices splinter hemorrhages, and if the patient had no recent nail injury.
attending physician must examine the patient to determine the cause of the splinter hemorrhages.The doctor may ask the patient the following questions about his medical history:
- when the patient first noticed the splinter hemorrhages;
- whether the patient has recently injured on the nails;
- whether the patient endocarditis or if the attending physician in a patient suspected endocarditis;
- which still have symptoms in the patient, for example, shortness of breath, high fever, a general feeling of malaise or muscle pain.
diagnostic evaluation may include a special examination of the heart and circulatory system.
Laboratory tests may include:
- blood cultures;
- complete blood count;
- erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR).
In addition, your doctor may prescribe:
- chest X-ray;