Seals in the mammary gland
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
seals breast are swelling, nodules, cysts, protrusions or lumps in the breast.
Alternative names: breast cysts, nodules in the breast, a lump in the breast.
changes breast tissue can occur in both men and women of all ages.This tissue responds to the hormonal changes and, consequently, certain seals can appear and disappear.
breast Seals can appear at any age:
- in infants may be due to estrogen from the mother.Typically, the seal passes itself - when estrogen levels decline in a child.It can happen to boys and girls;
- in young girls often develop kidney breasts (nipples), that appear just before the onset of puberty - the age of about 9 years old, but may begin as early as at the age of 6 years.They can be gentle;
- in adolescents may develop breast enlargement and consolidation due to hormonal changes during mid-puberty.Although this is a disaster for a teenager, seals usually disappear on their own within a month;
- seal in the chest of an adult woman raises concerns about breast cancer, a
Causes and types of seals in the chest
Seals in women are often caused by fibrocystic changes, fibroadenomas, and cysts.
fibrocystic changes can occur in one or both breasts.These changes occur in women (especially in the reproductive years) and are considered normal breast tissue change.Fibrocystic breast disease does not increase the risk of developing breast cancer, but makes it more difficult to detect lumps when viewed from a doctor or patient self-breast.Many women feel the lumps and bumps associated with fibrocystic mastopathy.
fibroadenoma - a benign seals, flexible and easily movable in the breast tissue.As fibrocystic breast changes, they occur most often in the reproductive age.As a rule, they do not tender and, except in rare cases, not later become cancerous.The doctor in the survey can be absolutely sure that he had found fibroadenoma, but the only way to be sure of this is to remove the tumor or biopsy.
cysts - sacs filled with fluid - often like soft grapes.They can sometimes be tender, especially before menstruation.Liquid from the cysts can be removed in a doctor's office.If the liquid has a greenish tint and if it disappears completely after it is fused, a further treatment is needed.If the fluid is bloody, it is sent to the lab to check for cancer cells.If the tumor is not immediately disappears or is repeated, as a rule, it is removed surgically.
Other causes of chest seals include:
- Milk cysts (sacks filled with milk) and infections (mastitis), which may turn into an abscess.It usually occurs when a woman is breastfeeding or have recently given birth;
- breast cancer, found on mammogram, ultrasound or biopsy.Men can also have breast cancer;
- injury - sometimes if bruised chest, need a blood sample from the "pieces" chest.The doctor may have to drain the blood;
- lipoma - a collection of adipose tissue;
- intraductal papilloma - a small tumor within the breast duct.It often occurs near the areola - the dark part of the breast around the nipple, in women aged 35-55 years.It is harmless and often can not be felt.In some cases only the symptoms are watery pink nipple discharge, which can also be a symptom of breast cancer, the physician must check.
Diagnostics seals chest
Medical questions about the history of breast disease include:
- when and how the patient first noticed the problem;
- whether the patient's other symptoms - such as pain, nipple discharge, fever (high body temperature);
- exactly where the problem is localized;
- Does breast self-examination and for a long time if changes are detected;
- whether a patient injuries to the chest;
- Does the patient have any hormones, medications or nutritional supplements.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include:
- analysis of cyst fluid under a microscope;
- study of nipple discharge under a microscope;
- ultrasound (US), to see if the cyst is.
- Breast cancer (breast cancer)
- mastectomy (removal of the breast) and breast reconstruction
- breast ultrasound
- Premenstrual tenderness and breast swelling
Treatment and prevention of seals in the chest
Treatment of breast seals depends on the cause.Solid breast lumps are often removed surgically.The fluid from a cyst can be drained.Breast infections require antibiotics.When breast cancer is diagnosed, most women are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormonal therapy.It is necessary to properly discuss these options with your doctor.
If the patient has a family history of breast cancer, your doctor may also suggest testing for genes, because of which the patient may be most likely to develop breast cancer.
Screening for breast cancer is an important way to detect breast cancer at an early stage when it is most easily treated and cured.
- regular mammograms;
- monthly breast self-examination, if the patient is older than 20 years;
- if you are over 20 years old - complete breast exam by your doctor at least once every 3 years, and every year if you are over 40 years old.
fibrocystic breast tissue, breast, or mastitis, associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), do not put the patient at a position higher risk of developing breast cancer.However, fibrocystic breasts can make a self-examination more complicated because there is a lot of normal lumps and bumps.
To prevent breast cancer:
- Exercise regularly;
- reduce fat intake;
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and other foods that are high in fiber;
- do not drink more than one glass of alcohol per day.
With fibrocystic breast changes are often useful in birth control pills.Some women helps:
- cancellation in the diet of caffeine and chocolate;
- restriction in the diet of fat and increase fiber;
- vitamin E, vitamin B complex or evening primrose oil supplement from.
Consult your doctor if:
- on the breast appears dimpled or wrinkled skin;
- bruising on his chest, but there were no injuries;
- the patient has nipple discharge, especially if bloody or pinkish (bleeding);
- nipples are inverted (turned inward).
also need to consult a doctor if:
- you are a woman age 20 or older, and you need guidance in how to perform breast self-examination;
- you're a woman over 40 years old and have not had a mammogram in the past year.
Doctor, before you make a thorough examination of the chest, should study the entire history of the patient's illness and to pay particular attention to factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer.If the patient (ka) does not know how to perform breast self-examination, he (she) need to ask your doctor to teach the proper techniques.