Keeled chest deformity
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 23, 2016
keeled chest deformation - Breast ledge above the sternum in the form of a wedge-like shape of the keel of the boat.Exterior view of man with keeled chest deformation often resembles a bird, so people nicknamed her "chicken breast".This pathology is a congenital anomaly and is usually inherited.Chest deformity manifests itself as the patient's height.As a rule, men suffer from this disease more often than women.Quite often keeled deformation combined with systemic connective tissue disorders.By itself, the chicken breast does not adversely affect the functioning of internal organs, but may be accompanied by constriction of the chest.
keeled chest deformity may develop singly - or in combination with other genetic disorders or syndromes.
People with keeled chest deformation of the heart and lungs are developing without a pathology, but sometimes, due to the deformation and tochneee, as mentioned earlier, due to the narrowing of the chest, they can not function normally.There is some evidence that keele
addition to the possible physiological effects, keeled chest deformation can have a significant psychological impact on the person, especially if it is a child.Mainly children live happily and with chicken breast, but sometimes they become the subject of jokes and ridicule from peers and the opposite sex.This breast form can harm their self-esteem and self-confidence, causing an inferiority complex and may interfere with their normal contacts with other children.
Causes of keeled chest deformation
As a rule, in the development of keeled deformation play a role tsklyuchitelno gineticheskie factors associated with impaired growth rate of rib cartilage, in which he does not fit in the chest and vyvstupaet forward.In addition, significantly established a connection between the presence of chicken breast, physique patients and their state of connective tissue.In most cases, patients with keeled chest deformation have high growth and asthenic physique.
main causes of chest deformation:
- keeled congenital chest deformity, which is present at birth;
- trisomy 18;
- trisomy 21;
- Marfan syndrome;
- Morquio Syndrome;
- multiple lentigines syndrome (Peutz-Jeghers syndrome);
- osteogenesis imperfecta.
Diagnosis and treatment
keeled chest deformation No special care is not required for this symptom, as a rule, it is purely a cosmetic defect.
Seek medical attention is necessary if the child began to complain of shortness of breath, fatigue and palpitations during intense exertion.This objective can be identified violations: increase the minute volume of breath, reduced oxygen consumption rate and lung capacity.
First of all, the doctor will need to perform a diagnostic examination and may ask the following questions about the patient's medical history and symptoms:
- when the patient (or parent of a sick child) first noticed it;whether it was at birth or developed as its growth and maturation;
- this symptom goes away with time, it is amplified or all remains the same;
- what symptoms are also present.
pulmonary function testing may be useful for determining the effect of strain on the heart and lung capacity.Your doctor may order laboratory tests - such as chromosome studies, enzyme assays, x-rays, or metabolic studies, - to confirm the presence of the suspected disorder.
special braces, physical therapy and wearing a special device can be used to treat children and adolescents with keeled chest deformation.
Surgery is still the only possible treatment option.There is some evidence of increased exercise capacity and improvement in lung function after surgery.