Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 23, 2016
Coughing is an important way to keep the throat and airways clear.However, excessive coughing may mean that a person has a serious illness or disorder.The cough may be dry, while the other is considered to be wet.Wet cough outputs phlegm (mucus).
Cough may be acute, subacute or chronic:
- Acute cough usually begins suddenly and often - due to colds, flu, or sinus infections.It usually disappears within 3 weeks;
- subacute cough lasts 3 to 8 weeks;
- chronic cough lasts longer than 8 weeks.
- upper respiratory tract infections - colds and flu;
- pulmonary infections - such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis;
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis);
- lung diseases - such as bronchiectasis (irreversible bronchiectasis area caused damage to the bronchial wall, a chronic pathological condition characterized by the expansion of the bronchi and bronchioles subsegmentary level ampullar and cylindrical extension fille
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD);
- cigarette smoking;
- passive smoking (inhalation of tobacco smoke);
- exposure to air pollutants;
- ACE inhibitors (drugs used to control blood pressure).
Diagnostics when coughing
diagnostic evaluation will include a Study Item ears, nose, throat and chest.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed:
- lung scan;
- pulmonary function tests;
- Sputum analysis (if the cough produces sputum);
- chest X-ray.
Home care for a child who has a barking cough.
Although coughing can be a troubling symptom, as a rule, it is completely curable.Here are a few tips to help alleviate cough:
- if the patient - a dry, tickling cough, try lozenges (gum) or candy cough (especially help - menthol).Never leave their child under the age of 3 years, because they can cause choking him;
- use a vaporizer or steam shower.Both of these things increase the moisture in the air and can help remove dry throat;
- drink plenty of fluids.Fluids help to reduce phlegm and relieve cough.
Note.Medical experts do not recommend the use of drugs for coughs and colds for children under 6 years of age, even if it is labeled "for children".These drugs may not be good for children and can have serious side effects.
Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription:
- Guefenesin - helps break down mucus.Drink plenty of fluids if you are taking this medication;
- Dekongestants - helps to clean the nose from a cold.Do not give it to children under 6 years of age, if it is not specifically written out of his doctor.Adults should check with your doctor, whether they take decongestants, especially - if you have high blood pressure.
no need to expect that the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for viral infections - such as the common cold or flu.Antibiotics have no effect on viruses.Antibiotics also will not help with coughs from allergies.
necessary to contact your doctor if you have:
- shortness of breath or difficulty breathing;
- swollen face or throat, difficulty in swallowing;
- a strong cough that begins suddenly;
- high-pitched sound (called stridor) when inhaling;
- cough that produces blood;
- fever (may indicate bacterial infection requiring antibiotics);
- thick, foul-smelling, yellowish-green phlegm (may indicate a bacterial infection);
- history of heart disease, swelling in the legs, or a cough that worsens when a person lies down (it may indicate congestive heart failure);
- the impact of someone with tuberculosis;
- unintentional weight loss or night sweats (which may also indicate tuberculosis);
- cough longer than 10-14 days;
- cough in a child under the age of 3 months.
In extreme cases, this patient will be treated at the hospital first to stabilize his condition.After his condition is stable, the doctor will ask the patient questions about cough, including:
- not whether he coughs blood, if so, how much, how often;
- what it looks like when you cough phlegm - it is thick and solid, or other much sputum is produced per day;
- whether a heavy cough, whether it is dry;
- whether cough is a sound like a barking;
- what is the structure of coughing;Did he suddenly began;Whether increased lately;
- Is the cough worse at night or when the patient is awakened for the first time;
- how long cough;
- if the cough is worse when the patient lies on one side;
- whether periodic sudden coughing exist with nausea and vomiting;
- what other symptoms occur.
- do not smoke and stay away from tobacco (cigarette) smoke, ie,do not be a passive smoker;
- if you have seasonal allergies - such as hay fever - stay at home on days when allergens are high.If possible, keep the windows closed and use air conditioning.Avoid drawing air from the street.After the street to take a shower, get dressed warmly and go to a warm bed;
- if you are allergic - all year round, it is necessary to cover pillows and mattresses, protecting them from dust mites, use air purifiers and avoid other irritants.