Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 23, 2016
Coughing is an important way to keep the throat and airways clear.However, excessive coughing may mean that a person has a serious illness or disorder.The cough may be dry, while the other is considered to be wet.Wet cough outputs phlegm (mucus).
Cough may be acute, subacute or chronic:
- Acute cough usually begins suddenly and often - due to colds, flu, or sinus infections.It usually disappears within 3 weeks;
- subacute cough lasts 3 to 8 weeks;
- chronic cough lasts longer than 8 weeks.
- upper respiratory tract infections - colds and flu;
- pulmonary infections - such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis;
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis);
- lung diseases - such as bronchiectasis (irreversible bronchiectasis area caused damage to the bronchial wall, a chronic pathological condition characterized by the expansion of the bronchi and bronchioles subsegmentary level ampullar and cylindrical extension fille
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD);
- cigarette smoking;
- passive smoking (inhalation of tobacco smoke);
- exposure to air pollutants;
- ACE inhibitors (drugs used to control blood pressure).
Diagnostics when coughing
diagnostic evaluation will include a Study Item ears, nose, throat and chest.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed:
- lung scan;
- pulmonary function tests;
- Sputum analysis (if the cough produces sputum);
- chest X-ray.
Home care for a child who has a barking cough.
Although coughing can be a troubling symptom, as a rule, it is completely curable.Here are a few tips to help alleviate cough:
- if the patient - a dry, tickling cough, try lozenges (gum) or candy cough (especially help - menthol).Never leave their child under the age of 3 years, because they can cause choking him;
- use a vaporizer or steam shower.Both of these things increase the moisture in the air and can help remove dry throat;
- drink plenty of fluids.Fluids help to reduce phlegm and relieve cough.
Note.Medical experts do not recommend the use of drugs for coughs and colds for children under 6 years of age, even if it is labeled "for children".These drugs may not be good for children and can have serious side effects.
Drugs that can be purchased without a prescription:
- Guefenesin - helps break down mucus.Drink plenty of fluids if you are taking this medication;
- Dekongestants - helps to clean the nose from a cold.Do not give it to children under 6 years of age, if it is not specifically written out of his doctor.Adults should check with your doctor, whether they take decongestants, especially - if you have high blood pressure.
no need to expect that the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for viral infections - such as the common cold or flu.Antibiotics have no effect on viruses.Antibiotics also will not help with coughs from allergies.
necessary to contact your doctor if you have:
- shortness of breath or difficulty breathing;
- swollen face or throat, difficulty in swallowing;
- a strong cough that begins suddenly;
- high-pitched sound (called stridor) when inhaling;
- cough that produces blood;
- fever (may indicate bacterial infection requiring antibiotics);
- thick, foul-smelling, yellowish-green phlegm (may indicate a bacterial infection);
- history of heart disease, swelling in the legs, or a cough that worsens when a person lies down (it may indicate congestive heart failure);
- the impact of someone with tuberculosis;
- unintentional weight loss or night sweats (which may also indicate tuberculosis);
- cough longer than 10-14 days;
- cough in a child under the age of 3 months.
In extreme cases, this patient will be treated at the hospital first to stabilize his condition.After his condition is stable, the doctor will ask the patient questions about cough, including:
- not whether he coughs blood, if so, how much, how often;
- what it looks like when you cough phlegm - it is thick and solid, or other much sputum is produced per day;
- whether a heavy cough, whether it is dry;
- whether cough is a sound like a barking;
- what is the structure of coughing;Did he suddenly began;Whether increased lately;
- Is the cough worse at night or when the patient is awakened for the first time;
- how long cough;
- if the cough is worse when the patient lies on one side;
- whether periodic sudden coughing exist with nausea and vomiting;
- what other symptoms occur.
- do not smoke and stay away from tobacco (cigarette) smoke, ie,do not be a passive smoker;
- if you have seasonal allergies - such as hay fever - stay at home on days when allergens are high.If possible, keep the windows closed and use air conditioning.Avoid drawing air from the street.After the street to take a shower, get dressed warmly and go to a warm bed;
- if you are allergic - all year round, it is necessary to cover pillows and mattresses, protecting them from dust mites, use air purifiers and avoid other irritants.
23 Apr, 2016
23 Apr, 2016
23 Apr, 2016