Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 21, 2016
Alternative names: trembling.
Chills - feeling cold after cooling of the body, usually accompanied by shivering and pallor of the skin.
Chills may begin in early steps of infection and the body are usually associated with fever.Fever is usually caused by a rapid contraction and relaxation of muscles.This is - the way the body to produce heat when it feels cold.Fever often precedes a fever or an increase in body temperature.
Fever is an important symptom of diseases such as malaria.
Chills typical for young children.Children tend to develop higher body temperature than adults.Even a minor illness may produce high temperatures in young children.
Babies usually do not develop a fever, but any fever in a child younger than 6 months should consult a doctor.This also applies to fever in children from 6 months to 1 year, if the parent does not know its cause.
«Goose bumps" - is not the same as that chills.Goosebumps appear on the skin due to the cold air.They can also be caused by strong emotions - s
- the impact of the cold environment;
- viral and bacterial infections;
- bacterial gastroenteritis;
- infectious mononucleosis;
- strep throat;
- viral gastroenteritis;
- urinary tract infections - pyelonephritis (a nonspecific inflammatory process with a primary lesion of renal pelvis renal system, characterized by lesions of the renal pelvis, calyces and renal parenchyma).
First aid for chills
high temperature (fever), which may be accompanied by chills, is a natural reaction to the different conditions - such as infection.If fever - soft, without any side effects, professional treatment is required.You just need to drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest.
evaporation cools the skin and thereby reduce the body temperature.Rubbing warm water can help reduce fever.Cold water, however, can increase fever, because it can cause fever.
Drugs - such as Acetaminophen - effective for fighting with fever and chills.
man should not envelop in a blanket, if he has a high fever.No need to use fans or air conditioning - all of this will only exacerbate and intensify chills, and may even lead to an increase in fever.
If the body temperature causes the problem of the child, you need to give him pain pills or liquid.Preferred are vehicles, containing Aspirin - such as Acetaminophen (children contraindicated Aspirin).Ibuprofen may also be used.Follow the recommended dosage on the label of the package.
Do not give aspirin to treat fever children under the age of 19 years due to the risk of Reye's syndrome (or syndrome Ray - this is a rare acute non-inflammatory encephalopathy occurs mostly in children and adolescents, usually shortly after a viral infection - flu, chickenpox, orwith enterovirus infection with high mortality).
Other things to help your child feel more comfortable:
- liquid and cool, comfortable room;
- do not use ice water or rubbing alcohol bath to reduce the child's temperature.This may cause shock and even tremor;
- not wrap up a child with a high temperature in a blanket;
- do not wake a sleeping child to give him a drug or to measure his temperature.Sleep is more important
Adult patient or parent of a sick child should contact their doctor if:
- the feeling of tension and stiffness of the neck, confusion, irritability or lethargy;
- are coughing, shortness of breath, abdominal pain or a burning sensation, frequent urination;
- a child under the age of 3 months - a high fever;
- a child between the ages of 3 months to 1 year, the high temperature (fever), which lasts more than 24 hours;
- high temperature remains within 1-2 hours of treatment at home;
- high temperature passes through the last 3 days or 5 days.
physician must examine the medical history and conduct a physical examination.
It may ask the patient questions:
- there was only a sensation of cold or something else;
- it really was trembling;
- which was the highest body temperature associated with fever;
- chills occurred only once or many times (episodes);
- how long each attack works (how many hours);
- whether chills occur within 4-6 hours after exposure to an allergy;
- whether chill begins suddenly, unexpectedly;
- whether chills occur repeatedly;
- how often have bouts of chills (the number of days elapsed between episodes);
- What other symptoms are present.
Physical examination may include the study of the skin, eyes, ears, nose, throat, neck, chest and abdomen.It will probably be checked body temperature.
tests that can be displayed include:
- blood tests (eg, common or differential) and urine;
- blood cultures;
- urine culture;
- chest X-ray.
Treatment depends on how much stretch chills and accompanying symptoms to him (especially fever).