Hoarseness ( dysphonia )
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 21, 2016
Alternative names: dysphonia;loss of voice
Hoarseness - when it is difficult to make sounds when you try to speak.The vocal sounds may be weak, breathy, "prickly", tone and voice quality may be affected.
Hoarseness often caused by a problem with the vocal cords, which are part of the larynx in the throat.When the vocal cords are inflamed or infected, they swell.This can lead to hoarseness.
most common cause of sinusitis is hoarseness, which usually extends itself for two weeks.
Another rare but serious cause of hoarseness that does not go away within a few weeks, is a cancer of the throat or larynx.
The most common causes include:
- heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD);
- irritants breathing;
- cancer of the throat or larynx;
- chronic cough;
- a cold or upper respiratory tract infection;
- severe COPD and smoking or drinking alcohol, or something, and another simultaneously;
- excessive burden on the vocal cords (eg, shouting or singing), which
Less common causes include the following:
- injury or irritation from the breathing tube or bronchoscope;
- damage to the nerves and the muscles around the larynx (after trauma or surgery);
- foreign object in the esophagus or trachea;
- swallowed a dangerous chemical liquid;
- changes in the larynx during puberty (especially boys);
- inflammation of the thyroid or lung cancer;
- other thyroid disease.
Diagnosis and treatment of hoarseness
Hoarseness may be short-term (acute) or long term (chronic).Rest and time can help to reduce hoarseness.Hoarseness that lasts for several weeks or months, should be checked by your doctor.
next patient can do at home to alleviate the problem:
- to speak only when necessary, until hoarseness not go away;
- drink plenty of fluids to keep your airways from dry, wet (gargling does not help);
- use vaporizers do wet air that the patient breathes;
- avoid activities that are a big burden on the vocal cords - such as whispering, screaming, crying and singing;
- take medication to reduce stomach acid, if hoarseness is associated with GERD;
- not use decongestants, which may adversely affect the vocal cords;
- if the patient smokes, he will have to reduce smoking or quit smoking entirely - at least up until hoarseness not go away.
patient should consult a doctor if he:
- has problems breathing or swallowing;
- hoarseness occurs after each saliva, especially a small child;
- hoarseness occurs in a child who is less than 3 months old;
- hoarseness lasts for more than 1 week in a child or adult in 2-3 weeks.
doctor will examine the throat, neck and mouth and, most likely, will ask the patient questions about his symptoms and medical history, including the following:
- the extent to which he lost his voice (in whole or in part);
- any voice, vocal problems it has (eg, wheezing, or "dog" vocal sounds);
- When the hoarseness;
- whether hoarseness is enhanced with the passage of time;
- whether the patient strong tension voices - shouting, singing or crying a lot in the voice (including if a child);
- whether the patient is exposed to hazardous vapors or liquids;
- whether the patient is allergic to nasal drops or nasal sprays;
- you made whether the patient ever step on the throat;
- whether the patient smokes or if he drinks alcohol;
- whether the patient also other symptoms - such as high fever, cough, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, weight loss or fatigue.
patient may undergo one or more of the following tests hoarseness:
- sowing throat tissue;
- examination of the throat with a small mirror;
- X-rays of the neck or computed tomography (CT);
- blood tests - full or differential.