Dyspepsia - indigestion
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 21, 2016
Indigestion (dyspepsia) - a mild discomfort in the upper abdomen, which usually occurs during or immediately after a meal.
patient thus may feel:
- feeling of warmth, burning or pain between the navel and the lower part of the sternum;
- the unpleasant feeling of fullness that comes shortly after the beginning or at the end of the meal.
Bloating and nausea - less common symptoms.
Indigestion is not the same as heartburn (reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease).
Causes stomach disorders (dyspepsia)
Most often, indigestion is not a sign of serious health problems if it does not occur with other symptoms.These symptoms may include: bleeding, weight loss or trouble swallowing.Occasionally the discomfort of a heart attack is mistaken for indigestion (because feelings can seem identical).
stomach disorder can be caused by the following:
- excessive alcohol consumption;
- spicy (spicy), salty or fatty foods;
- eating too fast;
- stress, nerves;
- meals too high in fiber;
- tobacco smoking;
- excessive consumption of caffeine;
- stones in the gall bladder;
- swelling of the pancreas (pancreatitis);
- ulcer of the stomach or intestines;
- using a certain type of drugs - such as antibiotics, aspirin and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
Diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the stomach (dyspepsia)
Changes in diet can help to identify the symptoms.Steps you can take include:
- set aside enough time for meals;
- completely and carefully chew food;
- avoid contact during the meal;
- avoid unrest and stress during or immediately after a meal;
- rest if indigestion caused by stress.
recommend renounce the use of aspirin and other NSAIDs.If, however, they still need to be taken, then it should be done only on a full stomach.
Antacids may relieve indigestion.
Medications such as ranitidine (Zantac) and omeprazole (Prilosec) - can relieve symptoms.The doctor may also prescribe these drugs at higher doses for longer periods of time.
necessary to get medical help immediately if symptoms include jaw pain, chest pain, back pain, increased sweating, anxiety or a sense of hopelessness (depression), possible heart attack symptoms.
patient should consult a doctor if he:
- symptoms of digestive disorders significantly changed;
- indigestion symptoms last longer than a few days;
- appeared unexplained weight loss;
- appeared sudden, severe abdominal pain;
- have trouble swallowing;
- has a yellow coloring of the skin and eyes (hepatitis, or jaundice);
- were vomiting blood or blood in the stool.
doctor will have to perform a diagnostic examination the stomach and digestive tract.Perhaps the patient will be asked questions about your symptoms.
patient must undergo a series of tests - such as for example:
- abdominal ultrasound;
- blood tests;
- endoscopy of the upper part of the stomach.