Diarrhea ( diarrhea )
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 21, 2016
Diarrhea (popular name - diarrhea) - a pathological condition in which the patient is speeded up defecation, stool and thus becomes watery.In third world countries diarrhea is a frequent cause of infant mortality.
Some people have diarrhea - mild and disappear within a few days.In others it may take longer.Diarrhea can cause the patient to feel weak, because his body is dehydrated.
causes of diarrhea (diarrhea)
most common cause of diarrhea is the stomach flu (or viral gastroenteritis, or intestinal flu - an acute disease caused by different viruses, characterized by a moderate deterioration of general condition and primary lesion of the digestive system, itIt is a significant part of acute intestinal infections).This mild viral infection resolves on its own within a few days.
If eating or drinking food or water that contains certain types of bacteria or parasites, it can also lead to diarrhea.This problem can be caused by food poisoning.
Some medications can also cause diarrhea, including:
- some antibiotics;
- chemotherapy drugs against cancer;
- laxatives containing magnesium.
Diarrhea can be caused by certain medical disorders, including:
- celiac disease (multifactorial disease, a digestive disorder caused by damage to the villi of the small intestine Some foods that contain certain proteins - gluten or gluten, and close to it protein cereal - Avenyn,. hordein, etc. - in such grains as wheat, rye, barley and oats, has a mixed autoimmune, allergic, hereditary genesis, inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern);
- inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis);
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS);
- lactose intolerance (which causes problems with milk and other dairy products);
- malabsorption syndromes (malabsorption - the loss of one or of many nutrients entering the digestive tract due to failure of their absorption in the small intestine).
Less common causes of diarrhea include:
- cancer syndrome (MEN - multiple endocrine neoplasia of the second type - this is a family cancer syndrome is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern);
- nerve disease affecting the intestines;
- removal of part of the stomach (gastrectomy) or the small intestine;
Diagnosis and treatment of diarrhea (diarrhea)
doctor will perform a physical examination and will ask the patient questions about his medical history and symptoms, including:
- when his diarrhea began;
- what color and consistency of the stool of the patient;
- whether the patient's blood in the stool;
- whether a patient in a chair large amounts of mucus;
- which still have symptoms of the patient;
- whether the patient's abdominal pain or cramping with severe diarrhea;
- whether the patient's fever or chills;
- any other sick people there are in the house of the patient;
- not whether the patient has recently moved out of the country;
- whether the patient was drinking too much water, and if he ate spoiled food;
- making the patient more pain: stress, certain foods, etc .;
- whether patients with abdominal surgery was prescribed;
- whether the patient received antibiotics recently;
- what medications the patient takes;
- whether the patient is drinking coffee or alcohol and if so, how much;
- whether the patient smokes, and if so, whether every day and how much;
- on a special diet of the patient.
Lab tests may be made on the patient chair to determine the cause of the diarrhea.
Home Care. If the patient or the child suffers from diarrhea, they need to:
- drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration (when the body does not get the proper amount of water and liquids);
- know what foods the patient should or should not eat;
- what to do if the patient is breastfeeding;
- any signs of danger (risk factors) there.
Avoid medicines for diarrhea, which can be bought without a prescription, unless your doctor says not to use them.These drugs can exacerbate certain infections.
If the patient has a long-term form of diarrhea - such as diarrhea caused by irritable bowel syndrome, can help change in diet and lifestyle.
patient should contact her doctor immediately if he or his child exhibits the following signs of dehydration:
- reducing the amount of urine (fewer wet diapers in infants);
- dizziness or light-headedness;
- dry mouth;
- sunken eyes;
- few tears when crying.
necessary to consult a doctor if the patient:
- blood or pus in the stool;
- black stools;
- stomach pain that does not go away after a bowel movement;
- diarrhea with fever;
- diarrhea gets worse after 2 days for an infant or child or 5 days for adults;
- a child older than 3 months has been vomiting for more than 12 hours, and for the younger children, call as soon as vomiting or diarrhea begins.
Prevention of diarrhea (diarrhea)
supplements containing beneficial bacteria called "probiotics", can help prevent diarrhea associated with antibiotics.Yogurt or biokefir with active live cultures is a good source of healthy bacteria.
following healthy steps can help the patient prevent diseases that cause diarrhea:
- wash your hands frequently, especially after using the toilet and before eating;
- increasingly use gel to clean hands with alcohol-based;
- Teach your children not to take any foreign objects in his mouth.
During a trip to the dirty areas, follow these steps to avoid diarrhea:
- drink only bottled water and do not use ice unless it is made from bottled or purified water;
- do not eat raw vegetables or fruits that are not peeling;
- do not eat raw shellfish or undercooked meat;
- do not eat dairy products.