Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 20, 2016
Alternative names: dermatitis
rash - a change in the color or texture of the skin.
Often the cause of the rash may be any determined from its visible characteristics and symptoms.
simple rash is called "dermatitis" - ie, inflammation of the skin.Contact dermatitis is caused by contact with the skin Dumb substances, such as for example:
- chemicals, latex, rubber products;
- cosmetics, soaps and detergents;
- dyes and other chemicals in clothing;
- poison ivy, oak or sumac yadonosny.
Seborrheic dermatitis - a rash, which appears as red patches with scaling around the eyebrows, eyelids, mouth, nose, trunk and behind the ears.If the rash appears on the scalp, it is called "dandruff" in adults and "seborrheic dermatitis" in infants.
Age, stress, fatigue, weather extremes, oily skin, sometimes shampoos and lotions with alcohol-based aggravate this harmless but unpleasant and intrusive state.
Other common causes of rash:
- eczema (atopic dermatitis) - usually occurs in people with
- psoriasis - usually develops as a red, scaly ??, itchy patches on the skin and joints of the head.Spots may also be affected, and nails;
- impetigo - this infection is caused by bacteria that live in the upper layers of the skin, is common in children and appears as red sores that turn into blisters with crust;
- herpes zoster (shingles) - a painful, with blisters, skin condition caused by the same virus as chicken pox ( "Windmill").herpes virus may lie dormant in the body for years, and then again appear as shingles;
- childhood illnesses - such as chicken pox, measles, rubella, disease, hand, foot and mouth, scarlet fever;
- medicines and animal bites or insect.
also can cause a rash diseases such as, for example:
- lupus erythematosus;
- rheumatoid arthritis, in particular juvenile;
- Kawasaki disease.
Diagnosis and treatment of rashes
Most species of a simple rash goes away as a result of gentle skin care and non-irritants.We recommend the following general steps:
- Avoid scratching the skin;
- use as possible, less soap, shower gels;instead of soap, use gentle cleansers intended for Sensitive Skin;
- Avoid applying directly to the area of the rash of cosmetic lotions, creams or ointments;
- use warm (not hot) water for cleaning the skin;
- dry skin, do not rub;
- remove from the surface of the skin all the recent application of cosmetics, lotions all;
- leave the affected area exposed to more air;
- try liquid sunshine, medicinal lotion from poison ivy, oak or sumac, as well as from other types of contact dermatitis.
Hydrocortisone cream (1%) available without a prescription and can soothe the itching caused by the rash.If the patient eczema, it is necessary to apply moisturizers to the skin.We recommend to try oatmeal bath to relieve the symptoms of eczema, psoriasis, or herpes.
patient should consult a doctor if he:
- shortness of breath, throat, or face swelling;
- joint pain, fever, or sore throat;
- red streaks, swelling, or very tender area that may indicate an infection;
- the patient takes a new drug (should not change or stop any medications without talking with your doctor);
- may have been a tick bites;
- home treatment does not work or symptoms worsen;
- a child's purple rash that looks like bruising.
Your doctor will need to perform a diagnostic examination and may ask the patient questions about his medical history and symptoms.Questions may include the following:
- when the rash first appeared;
- what part of the body affected;
- from which the rash appears and from which it is amplified;
- whether the patient used any new soaps, detergents, lotions or cosmetics in recent years;
- whether the patient was recently in a wooded area;
- whether the patient any changes in making medicines;
- whether the patient noticed an insect bite;
- if he had not eaten anything unusual lately;
- whether the patient's other symptoms - such as eg itching;
- what are the main health problems;whether or not the patient, such as asthma or allergies.
tests for diagnosis may include:
- testing for allergies;
- blood tests;
- skin biopsy;
- skin scrapings.
Depending on the cause of the rash, the treatment may include medicated creams or lotions, and medicines taken by mouth (orally), or surgery of the skin.
Many doctors can solve problems with a rash, but more complex skin diseases, the patient must consult a dermatologist.