Hypotension muscles - decreased muscle tone
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
muscular hypotonia - a decrease in muscle tone, which often appears in young children and even infants.
Hypotonia is often a sign of anxiety problems in humans.It can develop in both children and adults, but usually hypotonia exposed infants.
Infants with hypotonia may look like a "rag doll" when they go.They straightened rest on the elbows and knees, while in children with normal muscle tone, usually while walking bent elbows and knees.Patients with hypotension babies may have poor head control, or do not have any control.The head may have to fall to the side, backward or forward.
Infants with normal tone muscles parents can easily raise your hands, holding them under his armpits.Hypotonic babies usually impossible to raise without difficulty and resistance.
symptoms of muscular dystonia in children
muscular hypotonia can be of varying severity, which immediately affects the general development and the appearance of the child.
Symptoms include muscle hypotension:
- The absence or reductio
- Can join symptoms such as respiratory failure and severe muscle weakness.
- Tummy in the supine position has the form of "frog" and a child no poses, typical of an infant.
- Raised limbs in children are not retained and fall, and the joints thereof pererazgibayutsya and are able to come loose.
- As the children celebrated the emotional poverty of communication, rapid depletion of energy and lack of revival at the sight of toys and treats.
- These children later than others begin to crawl and get up on legs, do not hold the crown themselves in the prone position straighten the handle, do not sit on all fours.
- marked inhibition of motor development and backrest incontinence.
muscle tone and movement related to the brain and spinal cord, nerves and muscles.Hypotension may be a sign of problems in any location of the part of the brain that controls muscle movement.
Causes may include:
- brain damage or encephalopathy due to: lack of oxygen before or immediately after the birth of the person;problems with the formation of the brain;muscle diseases - such as for example muscular dystrophy;
- disorders that affect nerves (motor neuron disorders);
- disorders that affect the ability of the nerves to the muscles of the transmission of signals: infant botulism;myasthenia etc .;
- inborn errors of metabolism (rare genetic disorders in which the body can not properly convert food into energy);
- other genetic or chromosomal abnormalities or defects that cause brain damage and nerve damage - such as Down's syndrome;Prader-Willi syndrome;Tay-Sachs disease (neonatal amavroticheskaya idiocy);trisomy 13;
- a variety of other disorders: achondroplasia;congenital hypothyroidism;congenital cerebellar ataxia;Marfan syndrome;poisons or toxins;spinal cord injuries that occur before or immediately after birth.
Treatment of hypotension muscles
People need to be especially careful when lifting and carrying a person with hypotonia to avoid causing him injury.
diagnostic evaluation will include a thorough study of the nervous system and muscle function.
neurologist or neurologist (in areas of the brain and nerve specialist), as a rule, can assess the problem and its severity.Genetics can diagnose certain diseases.If a sick child there are other medical problems, a number of different specialists will help parents take care of him.
What diagnostic tests will be carried out depends on the suspected cause of hypotension.Most of conditions associated with hypotension also cause other symptoms, which can aid in diagnosis.
Many of these disorders require constant care and support.
treatments that primenyayutpri hypotonia:
- Medical gymnastics and physiotherapy.
- Logopedic speech correction.
- Development and training of fine motor skills (modeling, painting, cutting).
- Developing and maintaining correct posture and gait.
- balanced diet, composed individually tailored to the needs of the patient.
- Drug treatment aimed at toning the muscles (antibiotics, drugs from myasthenia gravis).