Chorea - intermittent movement of the body
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: jerky (uncontrollable) muscle movements;hyperkinetic disorder
discontinuous and unpredictable movements of the body - a condition in which a person makes a quick movement, he can not control and that do not have any purpose.These movements interrupt the normal movement (or posture) of a person.
The medical name for this symptom - chorea.
This symptom may affect one or both sides of the body.Typical movement chorea include:
- often - bend and straighten the fingers and toes;
- grimacing faces;
- raising and lowering the shoulders dramatically.
These movements are usually not repeated.They are not made specifically, and not under the control of man.A person with chorea may appear nervous or restless.
reasons body intermittent movements
There are many possible causes of unexpected sudden movements, including:
- anticardiolipin Ig G (antiphospholipid antibodies antiphospholipid syndrome);
- benign hereditary chorea (a rare inherited condition);
- calcium disorders of glucose metabolism or sodium;
- Huntington's disease (Huntington's chorea or Huntington's disease);
- drugs - such as L-dopa, antidepressants, anticonvulsants);
- polycythemia red (Vakeza disease);
- Sydenham's chorea;
- Wilson's disease;
- chorea gravidarum;
- systemic lupus erythematosus;
- tardive dyskinesia - a condition that can be caused by medications - such as antipsychotics;
- thyroid disease;
- other rare disorders.
doctor will perform a diagnostic examination, which may include a detailed examination of the patient's nervous and muscular systems.
doctor may ask about medical history and symptoms of the patient, including these:
- what movements he does;
- what part of the body moves anymore;
- What other symptoms are there;
- whether there is irritability;
- whether there is a weakness or paralysis;
- whether there is a concern;
- is there any emotional problems;
- is there facial tics.
tests that your doctor may prescribe:
- blood tests: complete blood count - the total and differential, etc .;
- CT scan of the head or affected area;
- EEG (in rare cases);
- EMG and test nerve conduction velocity (in rare cases);
- genetic research;
- lumbar puncture;
- MRI of the head or affected area;
Treatment broken body movements
Treatment is based on the type of chorea in humans.If drugs are used, the doctor will decide which medications to appoint on the basis of specific symptoms and signs.
Treatment is directed at the cause of motion in the cases:
- if unpredictable or jerky movements were due to treatment, medication should be discontinued, if possible;
- if these movements - because of illness or disorder, it is necessary to treat them;
- if people with Huntington's disease, these movements are serious and can affect life, drugs such as tetrabenazine may help control them.
excitement and fatigue can exacerbate any chorea.Rest improves the condition of the patient and facilitates chorea.It will be helpful to reduce emotional stress.
security measures should also be taken to prevent injury from the involuntary movements.
patient should consult a doctor, if he has an unexplained and unpredictable movements of the body that do not pass.