Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 18, 2016
Alternative names: hypersomnia, idiopathic hypersomnia
Drowsiness refers to abnormal desire to sleep during daylight hours.People with sleepiness can sleep in inappropriate situations or at inappropriate times.This condition is still described as the presence of excessive duration of sleep, which is characterized by recurrent episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness or excessive night's sleep.
Excessive daytime sleepiness (without a clear cause) may be a sign of a significant sleep disorder.It differs from a simple fatigue.
Depression, anxiety, stress and boredom - all of which can contribute to excessive sleepiness, but these conditions more typically cause fatigue and apathy.
hypersomnia The main reasons are:
- chronic pain;
- the need to work long hours or different shifts (nights, weekends);
- drugs (tranquilizers, sleeping pills, antihistamines);
- hyponatremia (a condition in which the concentration of sodium ions in the plasma falls below 135 mm
- a long lack of sleep or the possibility of normal sleep;
- sleep disorders (eg, sleep apnea and narcolepsy);
- too much calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia);
- hypothyroidism (a condition caused by prolonged and persistent lack of thyroid hormones).
Diagnosis and treatment
patient may remove drowsiness determine the cause of the problem.First, you must determine whether fatigue cause depression, anxiety, boredom or stress.If the patient is not sure if he needed to talk about it with your doctor.When drowsiness due to medications should talk to your doctor about switching to another medicine or to stop receiving the drug.Never stop taking or alter your medication without talking to your doctor.
doctor will examine the patient to determine the cause of drowsiness and ask him questions about his sleep and health.Questions may include the following:
- how well the patient is asleep;
- as he sleeps;
- if he does not snore;
- whether the patient falls asleep or dozing during the day when not planning (for example, when watching TV or reading);If so, then the patient how often it happens and whether it needs to be someone to wake up;
- whether there are patient of depression, anxiety, stress or grief;
- what medications the patient takes;
- did the patient to try to remove sleepiness;how well it works;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
tests that can be done include:
- blood tests (eg, total and differential, the level of blood sugar, electrolytes, thyroid hormone levels);
- CT of the head;
- sleep study;
Treatment depends on the cause of the patient's sleepiness.