Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 18, 2016
Alternative names: rapid and deep breathing
hyperventilation - this is too fast or too deep breathing that can often occur with anxiety or panic.
When a person breathes, as we know, he breathes in oxygen and exhales carbon dioxide.Excessive same breath creates a low level of carbon dioxide in the blood.This causes many of the symptoms of hyperventilation.
rapid breathing may be a sign of illness or problems like:
- heart rhythm disturbances;
doctor or nurse should determine the cause hyperventilation.Rapid breathing may require emergency medical care - especially if it was not before a man, and he as well as his doctor, I am sure that he, the patient, himself, can not help.
Often, panic and hyperventilation become a vicious circle.Panic leads to rapid breathing, which may cause a person to re-experience panic.
If a person breathes often, it may be hyperventilation syndrome, which is triggered by emotions, stress, anxiety, depression or anger.Sometimes hyperventilati
If the patient has a hyperventilation syndrome, he can not know that fast breathing.However, he can learn it from many other symptoms, including:
- chest pain;
- dry mouth;
- muscle cramps in arms and legs;
- numbness and tingling in the hands or around the mouth;
- shortness of breath;
- sleep disorders;
- anxiety and nervousness;
- heart disease - such as for example heart failure or heart attack;
- drugs (overdose);
- infections - such as pneumonia or sepsis;
- Ketoacidosis and similar medical conditions;
- lung diseases - such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or pulmonary embolism;
- panic attack;
- severe pain;
- a situation in which there is a psychological advantage, sudden illness (for example, somatization disorder);
- the use of stimulants;
Diagnosis and treatment of hyperventilation
physician must examine the patient and remove the causes of excessive breathing.
If the doctor said that hyperventilation is associated with anxiety, stress or panic, there are steps you can take at home.Close the patient can learn techniques on how to stop the current bout of hyperventilation and to prevent future attacks.
If the patient starts hyperventilating, her goal is to raise the level of carbon dioxide in the blood.There are several ways to do this:
- to obtain confirmation from a friend or family member that he can help the patient to relax the breathing.Words such as, for example, "you do everything right and good", "you is not a heart attack" and "you will not die" - a very useful and can help.It is imperative that a person close to the patient to help maintain calm and said everything with a soft, relaxing colors;
- to increase the carbon dioxide, the patient should breathe less oxygen.To achieve this, and not die of asphyxiation, he can breathe through pursed lips (as if he blows out the candle) or may cover your mouth and one nostril and breathe through the other nostril.
In the long term, there are several important steps that will help the patient to stop hyperventilation:
- if he had been diagnosed with anxiety or panic, be sure to visit a psychologist, who can help him find and cure the disease;
- suggested learn breathing exercises that will help him to relax and breathe in the diaphragm and abdomen, not the chest wall;
- recommend that you regularly practice different relaxation techniques - such as progressive muscle relaxation;
- advise regularly engaged in physical culture and sports.
If only these methods do not help prevent ?? hyperventilate, your doctor may recommend medication to the patient - beta-blockers (beta-blockers).
patient should consult a doctor if:
- the first time he has rapid breathing problem (in this case, a medical emergency, immediately);
- he has pain, high fever or notice at any bleeding;
- hyperventilation he continues or gets worse, even after home treatment;
- he has other symptoms.
doctor would conduct a thorough physical examination of the patient.
To get a true picture of the disease, the doctor will ask the patient questions about the symptoms of the patient - such as for example:
- whether it considers that the pants;
- what other symptoms he has, when he is breathing fast (eg, bleeding or dizziness);Do these symptoms occur at any time (for example, when it comes, or when trains);
- whether the patient's symptoms or diagnoses, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol;
- what medicines the patient takes;
- what's going on in his life as a whole;whether he has a special power;
- if he thought he had anxiety or panic, especially before I started very fast breathing;
- how much pain the patient feels and how intense it is.
doctor will evaluate how fast the patient breathes during a visit to him.If at this point the patient is not breathing quickly, the physician may try to make him hyperventilate and then teach him how to breathe correctly, in a certain way.
During an attack of hyperventilation doctor may ask how a patient feels, and see how he breathes, including which muscles of the chest wall and surrounding areas at the same time he uses.
tests that can be performed include:
- tests for oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the blood;
- chest X-ray;
- CT of the chest;
- ventilation or perfusion scan of the lungs.