Hematospermia - Blood in the semen
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 17, 2016
Alternative names: bloody semen, blood in the ejaculate
Hematospermia - blood in the semen or ejaculatory fluid.The admixture of blood in the semen can be observed in men of reproductive age.Often, this symptom does not attach importance to, but in some men, the appearance of blood in semen makes a great impression and alarming.The most common cause of blood in the semen is unknown, but in other cases, blood in the semen can be a sign of serious illness.About 15 percent have only one episode haematospermia that will never be repeated.
- blood in the urine;
- fever (high body temperature) or chills;
- back pain;
- pain during defecation;
- Pain during ejaculation (ejaculation - a selection of seminal fluid from the urethra during sexual intercourse or substitute forms of sexual activity, is a complex reflex act, the center of which is located in the lumbar spinal cord, usually accompanied by orgasm and can occur during sleep);
- pain when urinating;
- swelling or tenderness in the groin;
- discomfort in the scrotum;
- blood in the urine;
- pain in the testes and / or scrotum;
- swelling of the testes and / or scrotum;
- swelling or tenderness in the groin area.
Causes of blood in the semen
Blood in the semen is usually caused by inflammation of the seminal vesicles.It can also be caused by such factors as:
- Urinary stones
- hematologic abnormalities due to impaired blood clotting, such as hemophilia
- Parasitic infections and. etc.
- Locking of the genitourinary system;
- Polyps in the urethra;
- Prostate Cancer;
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- perineal trauma.
This may be a sign of illness or problems in the urethra, testicles, epididymis or prostate (prostate).Often the causes can not be found.
person can treat minor injuries, resting, applying ice, as well as researching their symptoms.But when serious injuries may require surgery.
infections can often be treated with antibiotics, which are taken orally - administered orally or intravenously if severe symptoms.
Occlusion of the urinary tract are usually treated surgically.If cancerous tumors cause its blockage, the patient may need radiotherapy (radiation) therapy or chemotherapy.
patient should definitely see a doctor, if he noticed blood in his semen.The doctor will do a diagnostic examination, looking for signs of:
- discharge from the urethra;
- increases or other changes in the prostate;
- an elevated temperature;
- enlarged lymph nodes;
- swollen scrotum.
To diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor may talk to the patient about the following:
- a lot of blood in the semen of the patient;
- whether the patient ever had in the past to have microscopic blood, when the sperm was examined for other reasons;
- when the patient first noticed this problem all the time if it is present;
- whether there is anything that could cause this symptom;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
tests that can be done include:
- examination of the prostate;
- PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood - tumor marker, the determination of which is carried in the blood serum, which is used to diagnose and monitor the progress of prostate cancer and BPH;
- semen analysis;
- sowing of sperm;
- pelvic ultrasound and scrotum;
- urine culture.
If the diagnosis is still not clear, it should be done more tests.These tests may include:
- an in-depth analysis of the semen;
- depth analysis of the urine;
- ultrasound of the seminal vesicles, scrotum and testicles.