Subcutaneous bleeding ( hematoma )
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: bruises;red spots on the skin, bruising, petechiae
skin hemorrhage (under the skin) may occur due to ruptured blood vessels that form tiny red dots (called "petechiae" - spots on the skin or mucous membranes with a diameter of 1-2 mmresulting tiny capillary hemorrhage).Blood can also be collected under the tissue in larger flat areas (a "purple") or in a very large bruise ( "bruise").
Cutaneous bleeding is a typical sign of hemorrhagic diathesis, beriberi C;observed in many diseases (spotted fever, tick-borne rickettsioses, scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles, hemorrhagic fever, drug intoxication, radiation sickness, etc.).
addition to the general contusions, hemorrhages in the skin or mucous membranes are very important sign and should always be checked.Redness of the skin (erythema), not to be confused with bleeding.Ecchymosis (spots on the skin of blue-black color resulting from hemorrhage into the surrounding tissue from injury or spontaneous outflow of blood from blood
Common Causes hematomas
- damage or injury;
- allergic reactions;
- autoimmune disorders;
- Viral infection or illness affecting blood coagulation;
- thrombocytopenia (a condition characterized by a decrease in platelet counts below 150 x 109 / l, which is accompanied by bleeding disorders and problems with bleeding stops);
- medical treatment, including radiation (radiation) therapy and chemotherapy;
- antiplatelet medications - such as Clopidogrel (Plavix);
- infancy (petechiae most often in infants);
- aging of the skin;
- idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura;
- Henoch-Schönlein purpura (systemic vasculitis which affects microvascular arterioles, capillaries and post-capillary venules, often clinically manifested hemorrhagic skin rash combined with joint disease, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys);
- anticoagulants - such as warfarin or heparin;
Diagnosis and treatment of hematomas
Protect your skin from aging.Avoid injury - such as natykaniya on sharp or rough objects.Avoid stretching the skin.When cuts or scratches, use pressure at right angles to stop the bleeding.
If a person has a reaction to the drug, he should find out from your doctor if you need to stop using the product.Otherwise, you must follow the prescribed therapy to treat the underlying causes of the problem.
necessary to consult a doctor if:
- the patient is sudden bleeding skin for no apparent reason;
- patient noticed that unexplained bruises are gone.
doctor will examine and may ask the following questions about the bleeding:
- whether the patient has recently injury or accident;
- whether the patient is bad lately;
- whether a patient radiotherapy or chemotherapy;
- What other treatments have been assigned to the patient;
- whether the patient takes aspirin once a week;
- whether the patient takes Coumadin, Heparin, or other blood thinners (anticoagulants);
- whether there have been repeated bleeding;
- always whether the patient's body has a tendency to skin bleeding;
- whether the patient the bleeding started in its infancy (for example, the ritual circumcision);
- first started bleeding due to surgery or when it was necessary to pull teeth.
can perform the following diagnostic tests:
- Coagulation tests including INR (international normalized ratio) and prothrombin time (PT);
- a general analysis of blood by measuring the amount of blood platelets and a differential blood count;
- bone marrow biopsy.