Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 17, 2016
Alternative names : sensory hallucinations
Hallucinations - a perception of something imaginary, or the false images that arise spontaneously, without further sensory stimulation.Hallucination - an imaginary image, identified the sick person with a visual way.However, the emergence of hallucinations is not directly related to the perception of real objects and cash, except reflex hallucinations and functional.People see or hear things that are not real, or are watching, listening to distorted images or sounds.In a sense, sensory hallucinations - it is likely a lie for the eyes or ears.Sensory hallucinations may also affect the sense of touch and include feelings and sensations of the body.
Hallucinations are different from illusions.Hallucinates man along with false images can adequately perceive and reality.His attention is unevenly distributed, often shifting to the deception of perception.Sometimes it happens so absorbed in this imaginary picture of that reality can almost never seen.This
hallucinations peculiar projection of the real world, sensual vividness, strangeness content of consciousness and spontaneous occurrence.They are also characterized by a sense of intellectual activity by the man himself, who "himself" with interest or fear of "listening", "look", "peers".Expression deceptions of perception - experience physicality imaginary images and their identification with images of real objects.Understanding pain hallucinations largely absent.Impressed by their patient behaves as if it seeming really going on.Often hallucinations more relevant to the patient, rather than the reality.B it is extremely difficult if the real and imaginary images of conflict with each other, having the same power of influence on its behavior.With such a "split" personality patient exists as if in two "dimensions" at once - it is a conflict of conscious and unconscious.Hallucinations during wakefulness - what appears to be real, it was created only a human mind.
Hallucinations usually appear plausible and can be quite intimidating for people who are exposed to them).
Common hallucinations include:
- bodily sensations - such as the feeling of "waves" (or "pins and needles") in the skin or the movement of internal organs;
- sounds - such as music, tap to open or close the windows and doors;
- hearing voices when no one spoke (the most common type of hallucination).These voices can be aggressive, neutral, or can command to do something that may cause harm to the person or others;
- vision of creatures or objects that are not within walking distance;
- unpleasant or pleasant smell.In some cases
hallucinations may be in the normal range.
Common Causes hallucinations
There are many causes of hallucinations, including:
- a state of strong intoxication or use of drugs such as marijuana, LSD (semi-synthetic psychoactive substance lizergamidov family), cocaine, the PCP (or Phencyclidine, 1-1-piperidin-phenylcyclohexyl - a synthetic drug for intravenous anesthesia), amphetamines, heroin (diacetylmorphine, 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine or diamorphine - a semi-synthetic opioid drug, was formerly used as a drug), ketamine (an antagonist, which is associated with a highthe concentration of receptors, is used as a means for anesthesia) and alcohol;
- delirium (a mental disorder, occurring with impaired consciousness -. From the darkened state of coma is characterized by the presence of most of the visual true hallucinations and illusions, and, consequently, - secondary delusions, and - the presence of emotionally affective disorders, shortness of orientation inthe outside world, time disorientation and so is saved with the sense of identity, dangers. The emotional state of the patient with delirium depends on the nature of hallucinations. After the release of delirium usually kongradnaya partial amnesia when real events are forgotten and painful memories. The patient often deliriumdangerous to himself and to others) or dementia (acquired by man dementia, or - persistent reduction in his cognitive activity, with partial or complete loss of previously learned knowledge and practical skills and the difficulty or impossibility of acquiring certain knowledge and skills in contrast to mental retardation. -mental retardation, as well as congenital or acquired in infancy dementia due to underdevelopment of the psyche, dementia - a disintegration of mental functions occurring as a result of severe brain damage, often - in his youth, and even more often - in old age.This senile dementia, called in "senile marasmus" people).Visual hallucinations are the most common;
- epilepsy, which includes part of the brain called "temporal lobe" (hallucinations of smell - the most common);
- high body temperature, especially in children and the elderly;
- mental disorders - such as schizophrenia and psychotic depression (a long period of depression, especially in melancholy natures, when the patient's symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions These symptoms often correspond to depressed mood This is an acute form of depression, when..which manifested bouts of psychosis -... ie, hallucinations, disorientation or other type of inability to perceive reality psychotic depression occurs in many patients with acute depression symptoms of clinical depression -. such as feelings of hopelessness, helplessness and worthlessness, and there is added psychosis);
- sensory problems - such as blindness or deafness;
- serious illnesses, including liver failure, renal failure, HIV / AIDS, cancer of the brain.
person who begins to hallucinate and detached from reality, should be immediately checked by a professional physician, preferably - a psychiatrist.Many psychiatric and general medical conditions that can cause hallucinations may quickly become emergencies.
man whose hallucinating may become nervous, have paranoia, fear, and should not be left alone, without medical attention.
Diagnosis and treatment of hallucinations
necessary to see a doctor, go to the emergency department or emergency services if someone nearby has hallucinations and unable to distinguish them from reality.
Your doctor will conduct a physical examination and study history.Questions the doctor to the patient or his relatives about his disease may include the following:
- How long does hallucinations;
- Do not place hallucinations just before bedtime or just after sleep;
- whether the patient has not experienced the recent death of a person close to him or other emotional events;
- what medicines the patient takes;
- whether the patient consumes alcohol;
- whether the person uses illegal drugs;
- whether the patient's confusion of thought;
- whether the patient's high body temperature;
- whether the patient vomiting;
- whether the patient's headache.