Exophthalmos - protrusion of the eye
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 16, 2016
Alternative names : bulging eyes;bulging eyes, exophthalmia, protrusion of the eye, proptosis
Exophthalmos - is an abnormal protrusion (bulging) of one or both eyeballs.Protruding eyes may be a family trait.
bulging eyes should be checked by a doctor immediately.Eyes bulge, especially in childhood - a very serious symptom that should be immediately examined by a doctor..
One reason bulging eyes - hyperthyroidism (a syndrome caused by hyperthyroidism, manifested by an increase in hormones such as triiodothyronine and thyroxine hyperthyroidism, depending on the level of occurrence of disorders distinguished: primary - the thyroid gland, secondary - pituitary tertiary - hypothalamus).
Graves 'disease (or: diffuse toxic goiter, Graves' disease, Perry, Flajani disease - an autoimmune disease caused by excessive secretion of thyroid hormones diffuse thyroid tissue, which leads to poisoning of these hormones - thyrotoxicosis) is the most common cause of bulging eyes.Under this condition, the
As a rule, there should be no visible white matter between the upper part of the iris (colored part of the eye) and the upper eyelid.White color in this area is usually a sign that the eye - bulging.Because changes
eye develop slowly, family members may not notice them until the symptom will not be relatively clear.In the photos, people often pay attention to the protrusion, which may have remained unnoticed before.
reasons bulging eyes
- Graves' disease;
- hemangioma (a benign tumor, consisting of self-involution of endothelial cells occurs during the first days or weeks of life, in infancy is the most common tumor, congenital hemangiomas can be significant);
- histiocytosis (collectively, the whole group of rare and diverse in their disease course, which combined proliferative processes in the monocyte-macrophage system);
- hyperthyroidism, drug-induced;
- leukemia (or: leukemia, leukemia wrong "blood cancer» - clonal malignant or neoplastic disease of the hematopoietic system to lejkozu concerns a large group of diseases that differ in their etiology in leukemia malignant clone can occur from immature hematopoietic bone cells..brain and from ripening and mature blood cells);
- neuroblastoma (a cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, undifferentiated tumor that consists of small round cells with dark-spotted kernels);
- orbital cellulitis (or Bacterial orbital cellulitis - a life-threatening infectious inflammation of the soft tissues behind tarzoorbitalnoy fascia occurs at any age, but more common in children), or periorbital cellulitis (pathogenesis of inflammation of periorbital tissue and orbital fat are very different, the infection is localized in front of a connective tissue sheathcentury, which is a continuation of the periosteum of the skull bones);
- rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS - a malignant tumor of connective tissue types, derived from skeletal striated muscle, in adults is characterized by poorly differentiated elongated or rounded, bizarre cells with large brightly colored cores, characteristic mainly for the children's age, can be found in almost any part of thethe body, including areas not filled muscles, can occur in various organs of the head and neck, including the soft tissues of the eye orbit, nasopharynx, paranasal sinuses, the area near the cervical spine, as well as arms, legs, urinary system, abdomen, etc..d. Metastases can be detected in the lungs, bone marrow, bone, lymph nodes, brain).
treatment and home care
reason protruding eyes should be treated by doctors.Due to the fact that the bulging eyes can cause a person to be ashamed of this, important emotional support for him.
patient should contact your doctor if:
- it still has not put an exact diagnosis;
- bulging eyes are accompanied by other symptoms.
The doctor will ask the patient about his medical history and do a physical examination.
doctor Questions can be such:
- whether both bulging eyes;
- when the patient first noticed the bulging eyes;
- when the condition worsened;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
Can be made a test slit lamp as well - Blood testing for thyroid disease.
Treatment depends on the cause.To lubricate the eye may help artificial tears.