Funnel chest deformity
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 14, 2016
funnel chest deformity - an abnormal formation of the chest with a different shape and depth of the curvature of the sternum and anterior ribs, accompanied by a variety of functional disorders of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, due to the reduction of the volume of the chest, to compression and displacement of its organs.
funnel chest deformity is a congenital defect, which can be mild or very severe.It usually develops in the child during pregnancy of his mother.
believed funnel chest deformation due to an excess of connective tissue growth, which connects the rib to the breastbone.This changes the shape of the sternum.The child usually has a recess in the center of the chest above the sternum, and can be quite profound.If
funnel chest deformity is severe, it can affect the work of the heart and lungs, making it difficult to exercise, and sometimes daily activities.A child growing shortness of breath, palpitations during exercise, poor appetite, irritability, sweating.In addition, the d
funnel chest deformity may occur as the sole abnormality, it can also be combined with other syndromes.Most patients also have heart problems ( "mitral valve prolapse").
Causes of funnel chest deformation
funnel chest deformity often occurs without a family history or other defects and problems.POSSIBLE CAUSE:
- family funnel chest deformity;
- Marfan syndrome;
- Poland's syndrome;
encourage the patient to consult a doctor if:
- he observed chest pain;
- he developed breathing problems;
- the patient feels depressed or angry about his state of health;
- the patient notices that dropped his exercise tolerance;
- patient noticed the redness, swelling, or discharge from the breast.
Diagnosis and treatment of funnel chest
Your doctor will need to perform diagnostic testing.An infant with funnel-deformation rib cage may have other symptoms and signs, which, taken together, define a specific syndrome or condition.
doctor may also ask questions about the history of the parent of his child's disease - such as for example:
- when the patient first noticed this symptom;
- condition is getting better, enhanced or everything remains unchanged;
- were there other members of the family with an unusual - funnel chest;
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
diagnostic studies to rule out suspected disorders can be:
- chromosome studies;
- tests for enzymes;
- metabolic research;
- chest X-ray.
cardiac or pulmonary function tests may be made to a patient to determine whether the heart and lungs are not affected, and, if affected, how seriously.
This symptom can be corrected surgically.Surgery is usually recommended if the patient has other problems.
Surgical treatment may be recommended for the patient:
- improve appearance;
- normalization of breathing;
surgery is performed using general anesthesia.The incision is made over the sternum.Deformed rib cartilage are removed, and the ribs themselves are in place to resume the growth of cartilage.Metal staples could be used to stabilize the sternum in normal position until healing occurs while HPE, which usually lasts from 3 to 6 months.
Metal staples are usually removed after 6 months through a small skin incision under the arm.This procedure is usually performed on an outpatient basis.
Hospitalization for 1 week is common.Active work is required to restrict within 3 months after the operation.
In addition, some people have to undergo surgery for cosmetic reasons.Your doctor can help the patient to decide on follow-up therapy and exercise therapy.