Wet fontanelle in infants
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 14, 2016
Alternative names: allocation of fontanelle of newborn
Fontanelle - a soft, neokostenevshy site vault newborn babies skull, consisting of remnants of the membranous skeleton and the bones of the skull.This is where the skull bones are connected with each other, but not entirely.
fontanelles - is, in fact, remnants of the membranous skeleton, which allow at birth 'compress' the cranial vault that facilitates the passage of the newborn through the birth canal, and helps in the faster growth of the brain.The large fontanelle is usually in the process of ossification of the skull is completely closed to 12-24 months.Wedge and rear fontanels - within a few months after birth.After the closure of the fontanelles calvaria formed seams.
Wet fontanelles are an obvious curving in a "soft spot" in an infant's head.
skull consists of many bones.Their seven - in the skull and fourteen - in the face.They are united to form a solid bone cavity which supports and protects the brain.The area where the bones a
Bones are not combined together in solid form at birth.This allows you to change the shape of the head and to pass through the birth canal.Sutures get minerals for a long time and permanently harden, joining the skull bones together.
Infants fontanelle - "soft spot" where two seams are joined to form a shell.Fontanelles allow to grow the brain and skull during the first year of the baby.
As a rule, several fontanelles in the skull of the newborn are located mainly in the upper, rear and sides of the head.As seams fontanels harden over time and become closed, solid, bony areas.
Fontanelle at the back (posterior fontanelle) usually closes by the time the child of 1-2 months.SPRING on the top of the head (anterior fontanelle) usually closes when the child is 7-19 months.This process is called "ossification".
Curvature little fontanelle should be felt inside the touch.Visibly Wet fontanelle is a sign that the child does not have enough fluid in the body.
Common Causes wet fontanelle
- dehydration (not enough fluid in the body);
Wet fontanelle may need urgent medical attention.Your doctor should check it right away.
doctor will diagnostic examination and ask questions about the child's symptoms and history of his illness.Questions will be such, for example:
- when a parent for the first time noticed that the baby's fontanelle became wet;
- how serious it is;as a parent of a child would describe it;
- what parts of the fontanelle moist;
- What other symptoms are present;
- whether the child is sick, if he had not been vomiting, diarrhea or excessive sweating;
- whether the child often wants to drink;
- often if the baby is crying;
- not whether the child's eyes dry;
- is whether the child's wet mouth.
tests may include:
- blood chemistry;
- complete blood count;
- tests to check the status of child nutrition.
If wet fontanelle is caused by dehydration of the baby, a parent can take it to the clinic, where the baby will receive intravenous fluids it needs.