Pain in the heel
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Heel pain is most often the result of too frequent walking.Less often - it can be caused by trauma.
Among the root causes of pain in the heel can be distinguished:
- frequent walking on hard surfaces (such as concrete);
- frequent and long walk;
- tightness in the calf muscle and Achilles tendon;
- shoes with poor support or poor shock absorption;
- dislocation or sudden heel turn inwards or outwards;
- heavy or an awkward landing on the heel.
Heel pain can be linked as well with the following diseases legs:
- Achilles tendonitis (inflammation of the Achilles tendon is the tendon that connects the foot to the heel, swells and becomes painful in the lower part of the leg; overstrain of the Achilles tendon -usually in runners and other athletes, dancers);
- bursitis (inflammation of the back of the heel);
- bone spur in the heel;
- plantar fasciitis (swelling of the thick band of tissue in the lower part of the leg).
How to ease the pain in the heel
following tips can ease heel pain
- the most complete rest - at least a week;
- Apply ice to the painful area.Do it at least twice a day for 10-15 minutes, and most of all - in the first two days;
- take the pain acetaminophen or ibuprofen;
- Wear proper fitting shoes;
- insert into the shoe in the heel felt pads;
- imposes on the night bus on the heels of the patients.
Other treatments depend on the cause of pain in the heel.
patient should immediately consult a doctor if the pain in his heel does not go away after 2-3 weeks of home treatment, as well as, if:
- pain gets worse despite home treatment;
- a sharp pain (acute and sudden) and strong;
- redness or swelling of the heel;
- the patient can not lean leg.
doctor will diagnostic examination and ask questions to the patient about his medical history and symptoms.Questions can be such:
- whether the patient before this type of pain in the heel;
- when the pain started;
- there is pain from the very first steps in the morning, after a rest - or after the first steps in the second half of the day;
- pain - dull and aching or - acute and stabbing;
- Do heel condition gets worse after exercise, stress on it;
- Do heel becomes worse when standing;
- whether the patient has been dropped or "cool" whether from the pain of his ankle recently;
- whether the patient has been run;if so, what - how far and how often he runs;
- is it possible that the patient often has to walk or stand for a long period of time;
- what kind of shoes the patient wears - whether convenient;
- whether the patient's other symptoms.
doctor may order an X-ray feet.Treatment depends on the cause of pain in the legs.Perhaps the patient will have to refer to a physical therapist to learn exercises to stretch and strengthen the legs.Your doctor may recommend a night bus that can help stretch the leg.
Prevention of heel pain
Maintaining a flexible and strong muscles in the calves, ankles and feet may help prevent some types of heel pain.Prior training is always needed stretching and warm-up.
Wear comfortable, well-matched - comfortable and spacious for the feet - shoes with good support of the foot and good shock absorption.