Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 10, 2016
Facial pain may be quiet, throbbing or an intense, can produce discomfort in one or both sides of the face or forehead.
pain, localized in the areas of the face may be caused by nerve disorders, trauma, or infection in the facial structure.Also, such a pain can start in other parts of the body.Sometimes the pain occurs for no apparent reason.
Causes facial pain
- tooth abscess (continuous throbbing pain on one side of the lower face aggravated by eating or touching);
- cluster headaches (. A pronounced pain in areas of the brain projection on the wall of the cranium that occurs spontaneously and is not a regular pain is so great that they can lead to suicidal attempts with the aim to get rid of severe pain);
- herpes zoster (or shingles, or herpes simplex - Disease viral nature, characterized by unilateral herpetiformis rashes on the skin with a strong pain; pathogen - varicella zoster virus of the family of herpes viruses at the first meeting with the body - most often in youngage - i
- injury on the face of different nature;
- migraine (neurological disease, the most common and characteristic symptoms are occasional or regular strong and painful headaches in one half of the head or immediately in both The absence of serious head injuries, stroke, brain tumors, and the intensity and pulsating.nature of pain associated with vascular headache, and headache with no voltage, no increase or a sharp decrease in blood pressure, with no attack of glaucoma and with increased intracranial pressure);
- Myofascial pain syndrome (IBS - an option somatogenetic pain, the source of which are the skeletal muscle and surrounding fascia; localization of damage this kind of pain is deep somatic pain; MBS refers to diseases of periarticular soft tissues manifested by spasm of muscles, the presence of intense muscle sorenessmuscle seals - trigger points, areas or involuntary spasm of the muscle fibers, painful on palpation);
- sinusitis (or sinusitis - an infection or inflammation of one or more of the paranasal sinuses, the cavities above and below the eyes, occurs as a complication of acute rhinitis, influenza, measles, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases, most often affects the frontal, maxillary, paranasal sinusesand ethmoid sinus, wedge-shaped sinuses);
- trigeminal neuralgia (or: trigeminal neuralgia, disease Fozergilya - a chronic disease characterized by attacks of intense shooting pain in the zones of innervation of the trigeminal nerve; bouts of unbearable pain forced the patients to discontinue active, give up eating, disregard the rules of personal hygienethat leads to mental and physical depression);
- dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ, or:. Miofatsialny syndrome, chronic subluxation of the mandible, arthritis, arthrosis VNCH-joints, bones syndrome - one of the most difficult and painful pathologies, which is not simple to diagnose and treat the diagnosis of lesions of the TMJ is complicated by the factthat the symptoms of this disease are so many, because of the lack of joint nerves when broken their function in this area, the person does not feel pain, and the pain is felt only when pressure is applied to them, and at the same time felt tinnitus or crunch injoints - when opening the mouth).
treatment and home care
recommend to follow the treatment prescribed by your doctor, and do not engage in treatment.Analgesics may provide temporary relief.If the pain is severe or persistent, be sure to check with your doctor or dentist.
patient should contact your doctor if:
- facial pain is accompanied by pain in the chest, shoulders, neck or arms.This can mean a heart attack.Refer to the number in the local emergency;
- throbbing pain, and it is stronger - on one side of the face, and is aggravated by eating.Refer to the dentist;
- the pain is constant, unexplained, or accompanied by other unexplained symptoms.We recommend contacting your doctor.
In emergency situations (for example, a possible heart attack) the patient must first be stabilized.Then the doctor will take a medical history and perform diagnostic tests.When tooth pain should visit a dentist or dental technician.
doctor may ask the patient the following questions:
- what part of his face there is pain;
- on both sides if there is pain;
- pain if only one side, - with which it is;
- Is there pain in the sinuses (forehead, cheeks);
- whether the patient knows when he can begin pain;
- whether repeated facial pain (recurrent);
- how long facial pain episodes lasted (how many months);
- how long each episode of pain last (how many seconds);
- if the pain increases when the patient says, chewing or swallowing;
- whether there is pain when touching certain parts of the face (trigger point);
- whether facial pain occurs before a nervous system problem (weakness, speech loss);
- which still have symptoms of the patient.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include:
- dental x-ray (if you suspect a problem with your teeth);
- ECG (if suspected heart problems);
- tonometry (if glaucoma is suspected);
- X-rays of the sinuses;
- neurological tests (if the suspected nerve damage).