Pain in the feet
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / May 10, 2016
Leg pain is a common problem that may be associated with seizures, trauma or other causes.
Causes pain in the legs
Leg pain may be associated with muscle spasms.Common causes include seizures:
- dehydration or low amounts of potassium, sodium, calcium or magnesium in the blood;
- drugs (such as diuretics, and statins);
- muscle fatigue or excessive stress from exercise amount, or when the muscles are kept in the same position for a long time.
Trauma can also cause leg pain from:
- stretching or muscle overload (strains);
- cracks in the bones (fracture);
- inflammation of the tendons (tendonitis);
- pain in the front of the leg from the load.
Other common causes pain in the legs include:
- atherosclerosis, blocking the blood flow in the arteries (this type of pain called "limp", that is usually felt when walking and after relaxation);
- blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) from long-term bed rest;
- bone infection (osteomyelitis) or skin and soft tissue (cellulitis);
- inflammation of the leg joints caused by arthritis or gout;
- nerve damage - common in people with diabetes, smokers and alcoholics;
- varicose veins.
Less common causes - is:
- cancerous bone tumors (osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma);
- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease - poor blood flow to the hip that may stop or slow the normal growth of the feet;
- benign tumors or cysts of the femur (osteoid osteoma);
- the pain of the sciatic nerve due to disc displacement in the back;
- epiphysiolysis femoral head - is usually in boys between the ages of 11 and 15 years are overweight.
Treatment of pain in the legs, and home care
If the patient has pain in his legs from cramps or overuse, be sure to perform it, first of all, the following steps:
- as much as you can relax;
- keep foot taller;
- apply ice for 10-15 minutes, 4 times a day during the first few days;
- gently stretch the leg and foot massage with muscle spasms;
- taking painkillers - such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Other home care will depend on the cause of the pain in his leg.
patient should consult a doctor if:
- bad leg is swollen or flushed;
- patient high fever;
- pain increases when the patient is standing, talking or resting;
- foot blackens or turning blue;
- the foot is cold and white;
- the patient takes medicines that may be causing leg pain (may give a side effect).We do not recommend to stop taking any medications or change them without consulting your doctor;
- self-help measures do not help.
Your doctor will need to carry out a survey and examine the patient's legs - feet, knees, hips, knees and ankles, and back.
After examination, the doctor may ask the patient questions - such as for example:
- where is the pain in the leg, one leg or both legs;
- the pain dull and aching or - acute and stabbing;
- whether it is a serious pain and whether it is enhanced;if so, what - what time of day;
- that it increases the pain;that it reduces the patient and that this makes;
- whether the patient also other symptoms - such as numbness, tingling, pain in the back or high temperature.
Your doctor may recommend physical therapy in some cases, the pain in his leg.