Myalgia - muscle aches
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / August 12, 2017
Alternative names: muscle pain;myalgia
Muscle pain may include pain in one or more muscles, as well as they can be in the ligaments, tendons, fascia and soft tissues that connect muscles, bones and organs.
Muscle pain is most often associated with excessive stress or muscle damage after exercise or physically challenging work.In such situations, the pain usually occurs in specific muscles and starts during or immediately after the load.As a general rule, an activity that causes pain is obvious.
Muscle pain may also be an indication of the factors affecting the entire body, as some infections (including influenza) and diseases that affect connective tissues throughout the body (e.g., lupus).
One of the common causes of pain in the muscles - fibromyalgia.This condition, which includes the muscle weakness and surrounding soft tissue, sleeping difficulties, tiredness, and headaches.
reasons muscle pain
most common causes are:
- injury or trauma including sprains and strains;
- excessive load on the muscles - too early and too frequent;
- tension or stress.
Muscle pain may also be associated with:
- certain drugs, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to lower blood pressure;
- statins to lower cholesterol;
- electrolyte imbalance (imbalance macrocells with an excess of sodium and a large deficit of potassium, magnesium and calcium);
- infections, including such as: influenza, Lyme disease, malaria, muscle abscess, polio, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, trichinosis (trichinosis), caused by a small round worm, the nematode, lupus, polymyalgia rheumatica, polymyositis, rhabdomyolysismuscles.
treatment of muscle pain and homecare
When muscle pain from overuse or injury are required: leisure, as well as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.We recommend applying ice for the first 24-72 hours after the injury to reduce pain and inflammation.After that, the person often feels better, the pain calms down.
Muscle aches from overuse and fibromyalgia often respond well to massage.Cautious stretching exercises after a long rest period are also helpful.
Regular exercise can help restore proper muscle tone.Walking, biking and swimming - a good aerobic activities.A physical therapist can teach the patient stretching, toning and aerobic exercises that the patient can feel better and not feel pain.When there is a wound or muscle pain, be sure to start slowly and gradually increase the workout, avoiding large aerobic exercise and weight lifting.
recommend more sleep and try to reduce stress.
If home measures are not working, your doctor may prescribe medications or physiotherapy.Or advise a patient to appeal to a specialized clinic.
If muscle pain caused by a disease, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions for treating the primary disease.
patient should consult a doctor if:
- muscle pain persists for more than 3 days;
- the patient has severe, unexplained illness;
- the patient has an infection, swelling or redness around the muscles;
- patient - poor circulation wherever there is muscle pain (eg, in the legs);
- patient bitten by a tick or has a rash;
- muscle pain associated with the beginning of drug treatment or change the dose drugs - such as statins;
- patient suddenly increased weight, had water retention or urinating less than usual;
- patient - shortness of breath or difficulty swallowing;
- patient - muscle weakness, or he does not move any part of the body;
- patient - vomiting, or fever.
Your doctor will need to perform a diagnostic examination of the patient and can ask him questions about the pain in the muscles - for example, are:
- when it started;how long it lasts;
- exactly where muscle pain - all or only in a particular area;
- it always muscular pains occur in the same place;
- which increases or reduces the pain;
- whether there are other symptoms - such as joint pain, weakness, fever, vomiting, malaise, the problems in the affected muscles;
- whether there is a pattern to the muscle aches;
- Has the patient any new medications recently.
tests that can be done:
- complete blood count;
- other blood tests - for example, the study of muscle enzymes (CPK, aldolase), and may test for Lyme disease or connective tissue disease.
can be useful and physiotherapy.
Preventing muscle pain
- warm-up before exercise, after which the muscles must be allowed to cool;
- stretching before and after exercise;
- plenty of fluids before, during and after exercise;
- if the patient works in the same position, most of the day (e.g., sitting at a computer), it requires muscle stretching, at least every hour.