Apnea or respiratory arrest
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / April 29, 2016
Alternative names: Slow breathing
Breathing that slows down or stops from any cause is called "sleep apnea."
apnea may occur and passes to be temporary.This can happen, for example, obstructive sleep apnea.
Prolonged apnea means that the person has stopped breathing.If the heart is still active, a condition known as "respiratory arrest".This is a life-threatening event that requires immediate medical attention.
Prolonged apnea accompanied by lack of cardiac activity in humans (this is called "cardiac arrest").In infants and children, the most common cause of cardiac arrest is the cessation of breathing.In adults, as a rule, the opposite occurs - cardiac arrest leads to respiratory arrest.
Causes respiratory arrest
Apnea can occur for various reasons.The most common causes of apnea in infants and small children tend to differ from the most common reasons for adults.
Common causes of apnea in infants and young children include the following:
- bronchiolitis (inflammation an
- encephalitis (inflammation and infection of the brain);
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD, heartburn);
- meningitis (infection and inflammation of the tissues lining the brain and spinal cord);
- premature birth.
Common causes of apnea in adults include:
- asthma or other lung disease;
- heart failure;
- an overdose of drugs, especially due to alcohol, narcotic painkillers, barbiturates, anesthetics, and other depressants;
- obstructive sleep apnea.
Other causes of apnea include:
- head injury, brain;
- irregular heartbeat;
- metabolic (chemical, mineral and acid-base) disorders;
- diving into the water;
- stroke and other neurological disorders.
patient should seek immediate medical attention or call the "ambulance" if he has any type of breathing problems:
- his breathing becomes weak;
- have shortness of breath;
- the patient loses consciousness;
- patient turning blue.
Diagnostics and first aid in stopping or breathing difficulties
If the person has stopped breathing, call "ambulance" and quickly make him artificial respiration (if you know how).When the patient is with you together in a public place, look for an automated external defibrillator and follow the instructions.
Once the patient is stabilized, the doctor will do a diagnostic examination, which includes listening to heart sounds and breath sounds.
doctor may ask the patient about his medical history and symptoms, including:
- whether it happened before;
- how long it lasted in the past;
- observed or repeated if earlier brief episodes of apnea;
- if the episodes end with a sudden deep breath or snoring;
- episodes occur during waking hours or during sleep;
- if there was any recent accident or injury;
- whether a person was ill recently;
- whether there has been difficulty in breathing before respiratory arrest;
- What other symptoms are noticed at the patient;
- what medicines the person takes;
- Do not use recreational drugs people.
diagnostic tests that can be done:
- analysis of arterial blood gases;
- other blood tests.