Anomalies of the external ear and low-set ears
Encyclopedia Symptoms / / April 28, 2016
Alternative names: low ears;microtia
Low set ears are abnormal forms of the outer ear (pinna).
outer ear is formed, when a child is still growing in the womb.Height of ear often occurs at a time when many others are formed organs (e.g., kidney).Variations in the shape or position of the ear may be a sign that a person (child) has other, related problems.
General disorders - a cyst in the ear or on the skin.
Many children are born with protruding ears.This symptom usually is normal and not associated with other disorders.
However, the following problems may be associated with disease:
- abnormal folds or location of the ear;
- low-set ears;
- Do not open the ear canal;
- the absence of the pinna;
- the absence of the pinna and external auditory canal (anotia).
Causes abnormalities of the outer ear
Terms and Conditions that can cause low-set and unusually shaped ears:
- Down's syndrome;
- Turner syndrome (Turner).
rare conditions that can cause low-set ears:
- Beckwith-Wiedemann syn
- Potter syndrome;
- syndrome Rubinstein-Teybi;
- Lemley syndrome Smith-Opitz (Lemley-Opitz-Smith);
- Treacher Collins syndrome;
- trisomy 13;
- trisomy 18.
Diagnosis and treatment of abnormalities of the outer ear
In most cases, the doctor finds pinna abnormalities during the first thorough examination of the infant.This inspection is done most often in hospital immediately after birth.
doctor must examine and verify the child's other physical anomalies - the kidneys, bones of the face, skull, facial nerve, etc.- And find out whether the patient a family history of unusually shaped ears.
To determine whether abnormal pinna, the doctor conducts measurements using a tape measure.Other parts of the body will also be measured, including the eyes, hands and feet.
Newborn hearing checked.Surveys for any changes in the mental development of children can be made as the child grows.Genetic testing may also be performed.
Basically anomalies of the ear does not require any treatment, because these anomalies do not affect the hearing.However, cosmetic surgery is sometimes recommended.
Ottopypyrennye ears can only be considered as a cosmetic deffekt.During labor, small frame may be attached with adhesive tape or sterile strips.The child is the construction for several months.
perazim by ear correction can not be done until the child is 5 years old.
More serious violations may require surgery for cosmetic reasons, but also to restore hearing function.