Anatomy of the pancreas , a historical sketch
Endocrinology / / April 23, 2016
word pancreas (pancreas) is derived from the Greek words pan - and all creas - meat.The term given to the body in ancient times because of its fleshy texture, pale pink, similar to color soaked meat.
pancreas Anatomy was given at first very briefly Galen (131-201 BC. E.).A more detailed description was made Vesalius (1514-1564);but he had no idea of the ductal system of the pancreas and, like Galen believed that it strengthens the blood vessels and is a support for their branches.
In 1642 Johann Virsungov opened and gave a detailed description of the main pancreatic duct, which since that time has received its name.
Description Virsungov duct was done only on one page of the manuscript entitled «Figura ductus ejusdeni cum multiplicibus suis ramis noviter in pancreate a J. C. Wirsungi, Phil et med.D. in diversis corporibus Humanis Observati, 1642 ", which translated means:." The figure (image) flow with its numerous branches again found in the pancreas in different human bodies Virsungov, doctor of
Further and more detailed description of the ductal system was given Grif (1641-1673), a disciple of Silvius, in the treatise «Tractatus anatomiso - medicus de succi pancreatici».
In this treatise, he gives a detailed morphological description of the flow, the place of its confluence into the duodenum.
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In 1720Vater detailed the anatomy of the diverticulum, which is located on the site of the confluence of the common bile duct into the duodenum, which is called Vater nipple.
In 1775 Santorini, a disciple of Malpighi, gave a description of the additional flow, which began to carry his name ductus accesorius pancreatic us Santorini.
first information about the embryology of the pancreas have been made in 1806 Meckel