Epidemiology / / April 28, 2016
word "vermin" means the extermination of rodents, dangerous in epidemiological terms, as well as causing economic damage.
Rodents are a source of infection for many diseases that are dangerous to human (plague, tularemia, rabies, tick-borne encephalitis, tick-borne spirochetosis, leptospirosis, leishmaniasis, etc.).The most common water vole, muskrat, common vole, house mouse, marmot-tarbagan, small gopher, great gerbil, gray rat and black rat.These rodents are primarily supported by the infection in nature.
in rodent control is carried out preventive and destructive measures.Preventive measures make it possible to deprive rodents of shelters, impede or completely restrict access to their food.In the settlements, this is achieved measures of health, construction and technical nature.
Sanitary activities include storage of food on the shelves and bins, the collection of food waste in containers, iron barrels and buckets with lids, the device rubbish pits with concrete walls and a lid, the release of
Building and technical measures are aimed at creating obstacles depriving rodents access to the premises.So, apply closing the vents and windows in the basement of a metal grid, close fit doors in the basement and first floors, sealing of cracks in the ground floor compound with walls and holes through which entered the building pipes and wires.Acquitted himself well as the construction of storage facilities on poles equipped with visors.
for extermination of rodents using toxic substances, and mechanical means.In some cases, may use the bacterial cultures and natural predators of rodents (cats, dogs).
Toxic substances cause the death of rodents in contact with the intestine or respiratory system.In rodent control practices, especially in the settlements, more widely used toxic substances, acting through the intestines.Toxic substances smothering action usually used for disinfestation of ships, warehouses and seed nor field rodents.
Poisonous substances that act through the intestines, is used in the form of poisoned baits.The basis of their make foods readily eaten by rodents.The poisoned bait poisonous substance included in various amounts.The disinfestation predominantly synthetic poisons are used.