Neutralization of the source of infection
Epidemiology / / August 12, 2017
Neutralize sources of infection for various illnesses manage with unequal fullness.It is especially difficult to neutralize the source of infection if the disease quickly became widespread.For example, during a flu outbreak a large number of cases excludes any possibility of a comprehensive insulation.Partial insulation is often used internally and in other diseases (measles, dysentery, etc.).What a complete neutralization of the source of infection in many cases hampered by the peculiarities of the clinical course of the disease and the lack of affordable and effective ways to recognize it.When the fullness of anthroponotic disease detection and neutralization of the source of infection depend on the attitude of the population (later treatment failure hospitalization, self-treatment with antibiotics and other drugs, etc.).The usefulness of neutralizing the source of infection depends largely on curative medicine options.In many diseases the treatment is takes a long time and does not allow in any case
Way neutralizing the source of infection are different.Wild animals, primarily rodents exposed to extermination.With respect to pets, along with slaughter possible in some cases isolation and treatment.An infected person (patient support) as the source of infection is neutralized by isolation (separation), hospitalization and treatment.
isolation of patients identified in the clinic, health center, nurseries and other institutions for short term (until the hospitalization) is carried out by placing the sick in the isolation ward.In a number of diseases (dysentery, kolienterity, salmonella, chicken pox, etc.) Used patient isolation at home.To isolate the carriers in a number of diseases used hospitalization.Most carriers from among the attending children's institutions as well as companies operating in the food and water supply facilities are isolated at home.In chronic carriers of, in some cases change the character of the work (reassignment).
Hospitalization patient gives a good effect in acutely occurring illnesses (typhus, relapsing fever, plague, cholera, etc.).Much more difficult to use the method in protracted hospitalization and chronic illnesses occurring, as in such cases require prolonged hospitalization.
Hospitalization is applied not only to eliminate the infection from the patient but also to preserve his health.Compulsory hospitalization to be sick with plague, cholera, smallpox, typhus and relapsing tifami, typhoid and paratyphoid, infectious hepatitis and certain other diseases.When the plague, cholera, smallpox, along with hospitalization of the patient are isolated and communicate with him in the prison, located on the territory of the hospital.In recent years, based on the principle "where the patient better," is much broader than in the past, in a number of diseases (dysentery, kolienterity, salmonellosis, etc..) Apply the treatment at home.In the case of leaving the patient at home taking measures to avoid the infection of family members (separate utensils, disinfection of excretions) and to ensure permanent medical supervision.The patient at the scheduled time visit the local doctor and nurse.After the treatment is carried out laboratory tests.
The effectiveness of hospitalization as an anti-epidemic measures are influenced by many factors.For example, it is unacceptable patient transport by public transport and random.For this purpose, can be used only by specially equipped trucks, which, after delivery of the patient must be subjected to disinfection.
of the measures carried out in the hospital, especially need to allocate a sanitary treatment of the patient, the patient's room with an unclear diagnosis and a mixed infection in an isolated ward or boxing.