Mental Disorders / / April 26, 2016
Occupational therapy plays an important role in the treatment system as a mentally ill and other patients, mostly chronic, diseases.
Labour has a multifaceted effect on the condition of patients.On the one hand, work directly affects the regulation and exercise of the fundamental nervous processes - the processes of excitation and inhibition, the violation of which is the basis of mental disorders.On the other hand, it has a direct effect on the mental state of patients, changing the direction of their mental activity by immersion in painful experiences to focus on manufacturing processes and results of their work, causing a feeling of self-confidence, a sense of satisfaction from participation in useful activities.Thus, occupational therapy includes elements of both biological and psychological impact on the human patient.
Every work is useful.However, in order to make the work in the occupational therapy, is necessary to observe a number of conditions.
Firstly, labor processes must be of interest t
Secondly, in the process of occupational therapy, as mastery of work skills, their complexity must constantly increase, which requires the use of a patient to a new, more complex types of labor.
Third, patients should work financially and morally encouraged, in accordance with the results of production activities.It serves as a convincing evaluation of the usefulness of efforts and the efforts of patients and is of great importance for stimulating them.
Fourth, work should be carried out in a team, to help restore the patient's ability to a productive dialogue with the people around him.
in psychiatric hospitals occupational therapy is carried out in offices, and in special medical and employment workshops.The departments involved in the occupational therapy patients who, because of their disease state can not be released outside the department.Set and a variety of work processes are inevitably limited.However, through the use of modern methods of treatment, most patients with the condition improved in a relatively short period of time, after which they may be sent to the medical and employment workshops.
to a mental hospital treatment and employment workshops listed as independent units.They are on the occupational therapy patients are undergoing treatment at the day hospital and the mentally ill, recognized as disabled (usually group II), which can not work in a normal production.It is important to emphasize that while in medical-labor workshop, patients not only receive occupational therapy, but also to all other treatments.Patients are provided with meals.In the state of medical-labor workshop, in addition to the administrative staff consists of doctors for occupational therapy, nurses and trainers.