Types of psychopaths
Mental Disorders / / August 12, 2017
universally accepted classification of psychopathy does not exist, however, depending on the features of the higher nervous activity recovered some of the basic types.
Excitable psychopaths are characterized by increased irritability, explosiveness.They have not sufficiently developed internal inhibition, which makes them touchy, testy, incapable of self-control in difficult situations.They are easy to get angry for any reason, are prone to rapid affective reactions, totally inadequate situation that caused them, can be aggressive.If they, for various reasons are unable to vent their rage, anger on others, the object of aggressive behavior can become themselves.In these cases, patients are tearing their clothes, do damage, take suicidal attempts.Reassured, patients try to make amends, aware of their wrong behavior, repent of their deeds.However, even the possibility of a critical attitude does not relieve them from similar incidents in the future.Often this group of psychopaths
inhibited psychopaths (asthenic and psychasthenic type).This group includes patients with anxious and doubtful, indecisive character.They are responsive, friendly, but always suffer feelings of inferiority, insecurity.These are people with low self-esteem, but often painfully proud and so easily vulnerable and vulnerable.Increased susceptibility combined with their rapid exhaustion, nevynoslivostyu to long loads, therefore in the home, at work, in every way they shy away from the fact that the required voltage.In this regard, they are difficult to get used to new surroundings, avoid new acquaintances tend to whatever was to preserve their way of life.Especially uncertainly feel sick when they have to speak in public - at meetings, before an audience, etc.They are easy to get lost, fall into despondency.When asthenic psychopathy sometimes observed irritability, tearfulness.
psychasthenia distinctive feature is the tendency to constant doubt.The patient is extremely difficult to take the most trifling decision.He's thinking about the same questions, weighing all the "pros" and "cons", but did not come to a definite conclusion.These patients are characterized by the so-called "ruminations" fruitless argument does not lead to concrete action.Often these are people tactful, sensitive, scrupulous with regard to others, but to themselves they are more demanding and therefore also suffer from the uncertainty.Often, their remorse, fear, fears that become obsessive in nature, and then talk about different phobias.Panic mistrust may be manifested also in respect of their health.Patients begin to monitor the physiological functions of the organism, focus attention on a variety of sensations, endlessly analyzing the symptoms of imaginary diseases.This is called hypochondriacal psychopathy.
This form is characterized by heightened emotionality, which is expressed in the turbulent inadequate presentation of their feelings, mood instability, tendency to exaltation, theatricality.Patients seemed to play some non-core part, kept deliberately, unnatural, false.According to the most insignificant occasions they enthusiastically admired or passionately resent violently happy or tragic sob, nothing without a sense of proportion.At the same emotions they are shallow and fickle.Tantrums are prone to self-centered, and strive to be the center of attention.In their desire to attract the attention of others, they easily go on about their fantasies.Inspired and losing touch with reality, they are on the go invent extraordinary stories, the truth of which is not only trying to convince others, but do not doubt yourself.In these cases we speak of "fantastic pseudologist".And in other ways determined by the thinking of patients rather than logic, and fluctuations emotional background, so these patients often wishful thinking, inconsistent in their actions, fickle, inconsistent in the estimates.These features, as well as the desire for self-assertion in that whatever the cost, make them quarrelsome in the team, set the stage for conflict relations with others, violate social adaptation.Sufferers hysterical psychopathy in response to difficult life situations can produce a variety of pathological reactions -. Seizures, affective flashes, make suicidal attempts, and so patients have a high suggestibility and suggestion, an which explains the appearance of functional disorders, looks very similar to the symptoms of many physical and mental diseases(infertility, uncontrollable vomiting, paralysis, etc.).
emotional lability psychopaths
These psychopaths are allocated in a separate group on the basis of periodic fluctuations emotional background.In some patients with depressed mood prevails, reaching the deep longing, melancholy.These people are gloomy, gloomy, pessimistic minded, no matter how evolved their life circumstances.Other frequently observed state of elevated mood with carelessness, liveliness, lightness.They are fidgety, talkative, often erratic in cases actions.The surrounding impress people prosperous and affluent ( "solar" natures).In fact, they are usually very mediocre, near, the surface.In the third mood swings are cyclical - gipotimnye replaced gipertimnye state and vice versa, and these fluctuations emotional background occur without any external cause was.In such cases we speak of cyclothymia.
There are also a group of perverse psychopaths who have seen some or other kinds of sexual perversions.Relatively common homosexuality - sexual attraction to persons of the same sex.In some patients there is sodomy - sexual attraction to animals or pedophilia - sexual attraction to minors.When sadism sexual satisfaction is achieved by causing physical pain, suffering sexual partner.Knowledge of sexual function in health and disease is of great importance in the practice of forensic psychiatric examination.
psychopathy treatment very difficult.Much better results are obtained by properly organized preventive work.A child with abnormal psychopathic traits should be given special attention.The process of education should be to create conditions in which the psychopathic traits have not received further development.On the contrary, it is necessary in every way to promote and encourage the normal trend, the quality of the individual.A major role in this respect play a healthy psychological climate in the children's collective, active pedagogical work, labor education teenager.In difficult cases, resorting to medication with tranquilizers, neuroleptics.Showing as psychotherapy, physiotherapy.