Occupational Diseases / / May 22, 2016
Anthrax (Anthrax) - a disease related to zooantroponozov group.The causative agent - you.anthracis - largest fixed wand forming spores have great stamina and ability to maintain vital functions in the soil for more than 20 years.
source of infection are sick animals:. Sheep, cows, goats, deer, camels, donkeys, buffaloes, pigs and other animals are contagious during the entire period of the disease, highlighting the external environment of the pathogen in the urine, feces, saliva, polluting thesoil, water, skin and coat.Human infection with anthrax can occur contact, alimentary and airborne routes.
Entrance gate - often damaged skin, so the skin is most common form of the disease, which is the most benign.Other forms (pulmonary and intestinal) in humans are very rare.
high occupational risk Contingent up veterinary workers, shepherds, milkmaids, and tannery workers bristle industries, slaughterhouses.During the summer, in the spread of infection take part horseflies, Zhigalko-flies, ticks, so called c
When epizootic - strengthening of veterinary-sanitary inspection of animals, slaughter of cattle.Imposed strict quarantine on the importation and exportation of animals (up to 2 weeks from the last case of the disease).Strict isolation of sick animals (and humans) at the slightest suspicion of anthrax.
corpses of dead animals and people are burned or buried in the ground 2 meters in the locked coffin.The corpse must be wrapped with a sheet soaked in a 10-20% solution of chlorine-lime milk, the bottom layer is poured bleach into 3-4 cm. Litter, underwear and other items that come into contact with patients, burn.
good effect (human and animal) has a live spore beskapsulnoy prevention vaccine.For prophylaxis is also administered gamma globulin.For skin disinfection use by pickling.Fur processed paroformalinovyh chambers.In the production of processing wool and skin need to carefully monitor compliance with workers on hygiene measures (wearing gloves, the treatment of micro traumas of hands and so. N.).