Infections and infestations professional
Occupational Diseases / / May 22, 2016
related professions can be considered infectious and parasitic diseases that are homogeneous with the infection, at which workers are in contact during operation.Consequently, in each case it is necessary to resolve the question of whether the disease is associated with the professional duties of the employee.Professional infectious disease can cause:
1. Contact with infectious patients.Thus, the disease mumps and other childhood infections at the doctor (nurse, nurse, nurse), a specialized department of children's infectious diseases hospital should be considered professional.This professional should only consider those cases in which there is no reason to assume that the source of the disease lies outside the working conditions of the sick.
2. Contact with infected material - from laboratory medical facilities IPT dissector (sputum, feces, blood, urine of sick people, corpses of infectious diseases);for workers in contact with infected products of plant and animal origin (leather, wool, bristles,
3. Contact with sick animals or birds in the process of caring for them (in the staff caring for the animals systematically in contact with infectious animals and birds).
4. Work in a forest in the process of developing new areas, building in them, lay out roads, geological surveys.At the same time significant numbers may be long in endemic foci of diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, transmissible ticks or mosquito encephalitis.
5. Contact with contaminated soil, water.This group of diseases include: hookworm in miners;anicteric jaundice and leptospirosis (when working in the rice fields, fisheries, when sewage works and so on. d.).
all infectious diseases can be divided into 3 groups: anthroponoses, zoonoses, zooantroponozy.For a professional may be assigned only two of them:
I - anthroponoses: infection affecting only humans and naturally transmitted only from person to person (typhoid and paratyphoid, cholera, cerebrospinal meningitis, mumps, measles, dysentery, influenza, smallpox, and others.).The source of infection are sick people or healthy carriers of pathogens.
II - zooantroponozy: infectious diseases common to animals and humans (anthrax, brucellosis, tularemia, leptospirosis, etc..).Pathogens circulate in mammalian populations of birds, including arthropods (mites) are their reservoirs, and are transmitted to humans by various routes.The degree of occupational risk of the disease depends on the constancy and breadth of contacts, features of certain contingents of contact with sources of infection vectors or factors of transmission.In contrast zooantroponozam in which representatives of many professions are at increased risk of disease, anthroponoses can only occur in a few occupational groups, especially among health care workers.