Poisoning with hydrazine and its compounds
Occupational Diseases / / May 20, 2016
Hydrazine - a colorless liquid.Hydrazine hydrate - a colorless liquid, fuming in the air with a smell like ammonia.MPC for hydrazine and its derivatives - 0.1 mg / m3.Hydrazine and its compounds are used in the production of plastics, rubber, pesticides, as part of jet fuel, as antioxidants in rubber and metal industry (for protection against corrosion of metals), and so on. N.
enters the body through the respiratory system and skin.Is cumulative.Irritant to skin and mucous membranes.Affects the central nervous system, internal organs, especially the liver, the blood system.
In acute poisoning - the phenomenon of irritation of eyes, respiratory system, nausea, vomiting, agitation, and then depression, possible loss of consciousness;in the future - an acute toxic hepatitis, cardiac abnormalities.
have working, chronically exposed hydrazine hydrate, there are vegetative-vascular dysfunction, anemia, hypocholesterolemia, changes in blood pressure, abnormal liver function.Catarrhal
First aid and treatment
If irritation of the respiratory tract are conducted Thermo-alkaline inhalation;codeine, dionin, expectorant medicine.If abnormal liver function shows a diet rich in carbohydrates and proteins, intravenous glucose with ascorbic acid, lipotropic drugs, vitamin B12.When central nervous system disorders, together with other treatment methods appropriate to use glutamic acid, vitamins B2, B6, and PP.
disability When expressed phenomena of irritation of the eyes and upper Respiratory protection exemption from work or temporary transfer to another job.When liver damage, persistent changes in blood - transfer to another job (permanently).
To prevent poisonings apply individual protective equipment: Industrial filters for gas masks A grade, hermetically sealed protective goggles, overalls, gloves.Preliminary and periodic medical examinations.