Occupational Diseases / / August 12, 2017
RDX (cyclone) - white, crystalline powder easily sprayed.RDX is produced by nitration of hexamine, so working on the production may be exposed to both RDX and hexamine.MPC dust RDX - 1 mg / m3.
enters the body through the respiratory system.In acute intoxication in the clinical picture is dominated by symptoms of central nervous system disorders, chronic - circulatory disorders, anemia.
Symptoms of acute and subacute poisoning hexogen manifested by headache, dizziness, nausea, dry and sweet taste in the mouth, severe thirst, weakness, twitching of the arms, legs, head and body.These phenomena can last from a few minutes to many hours.In severe cases, there are loss of consciousness, cyanosis of the face and limbs, convulsions to bite his tongue and involuntary urination, frequent vomiting.Before an attack there are feelings of fear, hallucinations, crying, autonomic dysfunction (sweating, tachycardia or bradi-, increased body temperature).The symptoms of intoxication are more often in the first days
Chronic exposure to dust RDX may experience headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, urinary frequency, tendency to leucopenia with relative lymphocytosis and monocytosis;in women - menstrual disorders (amenorrhea before).
fresh air.Remove contaminated clothing.Subcutaneous - caffeine, intramuscularly - kokarboksilaza.In convulsions - hexenal intramuscular magnesium sulphate, chlorpromazine;glucose intravenously with ascorbic acid;chloral hydrate enema.
In the initial stages - the provision of hospital sheet.When expressed manifestations of intoxication or relapse - permanent suspension from work with RDX.
Working with RDX should be done in a dust mask, gloves, arm ruffles.Preliminary and periodic medical examinations.