Inflammation of the heart muscle
Cardiovascular Diseases / / August 12, 2017
Causes of myocarditis
Inflammation of the heart muscle (myocarditis) is found equally in adults and in children, originating mainly in infectious diseases.It is most often a result of influenza, tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract infections, diphtheria, scarlet fever.Myocarditis is developed mainly for those who violate the regime prescribed by a doctor, and often not at the time of infection, and some time later.This interval is so large that it seems as if myocarditis occurs independently.
Scientists are more inclined to believe that in the damaged myocardium guilty accompanying infection immune processes.As known, immunity via organism is protected against infection.But sometimes due to a failure in the regulation of immune responses protective antibodies produced against germs intruded into the body begin to damage various organs, including the heart.Sometimes, in turn aggressors cells - the protective blood cells acquire the ability to damage the body's own tissue.
A similar perverse mechanis
Myocarditis can accompany and chronic infections such as rheumatic fever.In such cases, the process involves not only the muscle of the heart, but also its inner shell - the endocardium, as well as the joints, pleura, central nervous system.
Animal experiments revealed that in myocarditis disturbed protein and energy metabolism in the muscle fibers of the heart.Sometimes shifts metabolism occur in the conducting system of generating pulses for an automatic rhythmic activity of the heart.
symptoms of myocarditis
for myocarditis is mild, characterized by unpleasant sensations in the heart, shortness of breath, heart palpitations.In some it quickens dramatically with a change in body position, or while driving, there is a weakness, fatigue.
impose such complaints sometimes people over 40-50 years with no myocarditis.Harassing their symptoms are caused, as a rule, age-related changes in the nervous and endocrine systems.After a thorough examination of cardiologist usually sends such patients to a neurologist, endocrinologist, and women and to the gynecologist for further diagnosis and the necessary treatment.
In severe myocarditis, the heart muscle is weakened more and more, growing failure of its function.Patients concerned about the sharp shortness of breath that occurs sometimes even alone, he was forced to sleep half-sitting up in bed.Feet swollen, cyanotic skin.Heart pain is often a protracted fever.The disease is complicated, if the patient also suffers from heart disease, kardiosklerosis.
inflammatory process in the myocardium affects blood clotting, increasing the propensity to thrombosis.
I would like to pay attention to this feature: myocarditis, starting in the acute stage of influenza, tonsillitis, diphtheria, scarlet fever, is a relatively easy and often ends in recovery.If it occurs after the infection, it usually is more severe.
Alcohol myocardial damage in their symptoms similar to severe myocarditis.What troubles these patients?Irregular heartbeat, pain in the heart.Some of them suddenly arises heart failure.But if a person refuses to alcohol, his condition can rapidly improve.
As a rule, patients try to hide from the doctor his addiction to alcohol, not realizing that it is difficult to make a correct diagnosis, not knowing the true cause of a disease.And this is a great help can provide sincerity, frankness patient.Reported information usually help the doctor determine the tactics and treatment.
Arsenal anti-inflammatory agents in recent years has expanded significantly.These drugs have different activities, and the use of each of them has its indications and contraindications.For example, anti-inflammatory agents, effective in diseases caused by infection, it is ineffective in the disease, the cause of which - chronic alcohol intoxication.That's why appoint a drug or to cancel them may only doctor.
If the acute stage of infection in a patient shows signs of myocarditis, a physician extends the period of bed and polupostelnogo mode or, more usually, refer the patient to the hospital.
When acute effects subside, there is no swelling and shortness of breath, then slowly begin to expand the physical activity of the patient.Assign breathing exercises and exercises for small and medium-sized muscle groups.Make them lying on a 2-3 cushion.We recommend turning the hands palms up and down flexion and extension arms at the elbows, flexion and extension stop, walking, alternating-bending legs lying down, without taking the foot of the bed.
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Diet in myocarditis
Food should be varied, contain a sufficient amount of proteins (meat, fish, eggs, dairy products) and vitamins (vegetables, fruits, berries).Meat and fish are best eaten boiled.Dishes should be nedosalivat, liquid limit.
Knowing the causes of myocarditis, make for a conclusion: this disease can be avoided to improve the body's resistance by hardening systematically train the cardiovascular system, engaging in physical activity, and not to resort to self-medication.