Features tumors in children
Oncology / / May 18, 2016
tumors in children have long been known, presumably, since in adults.. The ancient Egyptians, who lived about 5 thousand years ago, found bone sarcomas - cancers specific to children and adolescents.The first reliable mention of tumors in children are Hippocrates, who lived 400 years BC.e.Hippocrates describes the so-called "core" on the body in children (most likely it was to increase the lymph nodes in the system malignant tumor - chlamydia).In the literature there is a message about the tumor's son Yaroslav the Wise.However, such reports of tumors in children up to the middle of the XIX century remained single.Only in the second half of the XIX century, there are few works devoted to the study of certain types of tumors in children.Perhaps only since 1950 issues of pediatric oncology began to attract the attention of pediatricians and oncologists.
After World War II began to decline sharply mortality polio, diphtheria, TB meningitis and other childhood diseases.In those countries where the death rat
Accounting morbidity and mortality from cancer for a long time there has not been.Only in the last decade by sample surveys in different countries and cities, it was found that each year become ill with malignant tumors of 15-16 children per 100,000 child population, ie. E. Approximately one child in 6000. It is also believed that the benign tumors, mainlyvascular hemangioma and lymphangioma, there are 8 times more common than malignant.
In the middle of the XX century, the future of children who become ill with cancer, was considered hopeless.Very few survived.Thus, until 1950 the convalescent not more than 7% of all patients with malignant tumors of children.But by the end of the XX century, according to a variety of children's oncology department, pointed out that it is possible to cure more than half of all children who develop malignancy, and in a number of tumor cure the percentage reaches 95%.These messages allow us to look optimistically into the future.
Besides creating an organization of cancer care children, early detection of the tumor and the time treatment is started, in many ways the success of the treatment provided by properly organized childcare.Exemplary conducted surgery, rational radiation and chemotherapy may be ineffective if wrong will be organized for a sick child.This treatment is particularly important, as treatment administered over tumors in itself presents certain difficulties, fraught with various side effects and complications in some cases, which are mitigated by correctly organized childcare.Care is provided not only by certain medical skills, technical knowledge perform various procedures and manipulations, but also knowledge of the characteristics of malignant and benign tumors in children, their diagnosis and treatment.