Diagnosis of tumors in children
Oncology / / May 18, 2016
detection of tumors in children is a difficult task.This is due primarily to two factors: a small number of absolutely symptomatic of malignant tumors, especially in young children, and the difficulties in obtaining information in the child patient.We have in the collection history to rely only on the child's mother or close relatives.Particularly difficult diagnosis in children under 1 year - a very small number of detected tumors in children at this age does not allow to develop oncological alertness.
Most children, even at the height of the disease receive symptomatic therapy for existing or syndromes are usually treated about any disease that mask malignancy.Many of the symptoms of cancer in children are similar to the symptoms of common childhood diseases, and this often leads to misdiagnosis.In such cases, children receive therapy that it is contraindicated (hot compress, UHF, ointment dressings to the area of the tumor).That is why the number of children with tumors enter the office in a criti
However, experience teaches pediatric oncologists, and that children may timely detection of tumors, even at an early age.In this respect, important issues of registration of clinical diagnosis, direct examination of the patient on the systems and organs, laboratory and instrumental-technical studies.
Proper questioning parents and relatives can, in some cases of suspected tumor.Do not neglect to ask, and the child, especially older ones.Children can often tell very necessary to understand the details of the disease.On questioning usually they find out the professional and household hazards, which could meet the parents before conception child cases of malignancy in their families.
necessary to know during pregnancy and its outcomes for the mother of the child in the past.Spontaneous abortions, stillbirths surveyed in the past, the mother of the child should be cause for concern, as well as the birth of children with various developmental disabilities.Carefully need to be evaluated during pregnancy and adverse effect on its various stages (toxicosis both early and late, taking medicines, the use of nicotine and alcohol).You must be aware of the diseases that occurred during pregnancy.In a number of diseases during pregnancy, the risk of having a baby with birth defect and tumor increased.To learn more development of the child to the disease.We need to find out the development, previous illnesses, for them.
is not always possible to establish the exact date of onset of the disease.Some parents, naming a certain day, when they found that the child is sick, then begin to remember what they have seen in a few days or months that the child was not healthy.Some parents, talking about the disease, how to divide it into two parts: one of them - is "normal malaise" and the second is a disease over which they have come to the doctor.Usually, parents and adults around the child's notice that the child has become sluggish and less active and mobile, quickly get tired, unusually whiny and irritable.Some seldom seeing the child's relatives striking pale skin.The child is marked loss of appetite, often plagued by nausea and vomiting.Vomiting in children, especially in young, generally observed more frequently than in adults.