Benign tumors in children
Oncology / / May 17, 2016
most common tumors in children are angioma (hemangioma), which in most cases (70%) are detected at birth.Girls hemangiomas occur in 2 times more often.Typical localization of them - the scalp, but they can be anywhere on the body.Dimensions of hemangiomas varies considerably - from point to occupy almost half of the surface of the skin.Often the point immediately after birth hemangioma begins to grow rapidly and leads to an incorrect cosmetic defects, especially at the location of the face.
Simple hemangiomas are located superficially affect only the skin, have clear boundaries.Cavernous hemangioma consist of cavities filled with blood and affect not only the skin, but also to be a soft tissue.In some cases the skin may be affected by a tumor and has only a slight bluish color that should be considered when diagnosing.
When squeezing it pales hemangiomas;when the compression ceases, it is once again filled with blood, and for some time it becomes even brighter.When the baby cry
life-threatening skin hemangiomas are not usually present, but it can lead to irreparable cosmetic defects, disrupt organ function.Studies have shown that a significant proportion of hemangiomas undergo spontaneous regression (most often - hemangioma of the scalp and genitals).Regression usually occurs between 2 and 5 years of life.In this regard, a number of hemangiomas is subject to monitoring, and treatment should be initiated only with the growth of hemangiomas.surgical excision, suturing, sclerotherapy, electrocoagulation, radiation therapy, steroid therapy:
many methods proposed for the treatment of hemangiomas.Most widely used cryotherapy.
in childhood are also common lymphangioma, which are most often localized in the neck and axillary hollows;often it affected the bottom of the oral cavity.Lymphangioma are divided into simple, cavernous, cystic and mixed.Most lymphangiomas detected at birth.they grow, usually slowly, but in some cases (combination with lymphangioma hemangioma), the rapid growth can be observed.Lymphangioma has an elastic consistency unaltered covered skin.Less common tumors of the skin on which a bluish, sometimes translucent, heavily thinned.The boundaries of the tumor is often fuzzy.
flow lymphangioma is usually favorable.In rare cases, tumors observed fester.Thus against rapid deterioration child's general condition becomes painful swelling, skin temperature rises above it,
addition to these common tumors in children found fibroma, lipoma, hygroma which occur in children as well as adults.
Treatment of benign tumors in children, it is desirable to carry out in a specialized pediatric surgical departments.In other cases, you need at least a consultative participation specialist oncologist, as there is not excluded the possibility of malignancy and benign tumor is often difficult to differentiate from a malignant, and on this basis there may be medical and tactical errors.