Occupational Diseases / / August 12, 2017
dichloroethane (ethylene chloride, ethylene dichloride) - a colorless volatile liquid, the smell reminiscent of chloroform.Pairs easily adsorbed clothing, especially with oiled cloth.It is used in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, for the extraction of fats, rubber, resins, organic synthesis, chemical cleaning, as a pesticide.MPC - 10 mg / m3.
enters the body through the respiratory system (in the form of vapor) through the gastro-intestinal tract (random delivery) and intact skin.Crafted light, partly in batches, can be released in breast milk.It circulates in blood.It provides local and resorptive effect.Strong drug, poison kidney (possible acute, chronic liver, necrotic nephrosis).It has a toxic effect on the capillary wall (hemorrhage).
In mild cases - general weakness, headache, somnolence.Light irritation of eyes and upper respiratory tract.Burning sensation and redness of the skin, vomiting bile, sometimes a little painful liver.After 3-5 days, the state is fully re
In more severe cases - severe weakness, repeated repeated vomiting, diarrhea.After 1-2 days - an increase, painful liver, kidney disease, hypoglycemia, bradycardia, myocardial dystrophy.In mild - dry and wet wheezing, possible toxic pulmonary edema.Psychomotor agitation.There may be a deep sleep, dizziness.Functional inferiority of the liver can be kept for months.When exposed to higher concentrations can be fatal.
In case of accidental poisoning by ingestion (intake of 20-50 ml can cause severe poisoning and death) - the rapid development of symptoms: severe weakness, headache, dizziness, drowsiness, severe abdominal pain, thirst.Repeated vomiting of bile, diarrhea.Convulsions, unconsciousness, coma.Severe gastroenteritis.Severe damage to the liver and kidneys, jaundice, high azotemia, anuria.Bronchitis, pneumonia, toxic pulmonary edema.Adopted at the same time alcohol worsens during poisoning.
most formidable symptoms - increasing cardiac weakness and collapse.In the most severe cases within 3-5 hours after taking the poison - a heavy unconsciousness, cyanosis, frothy fluid excretion from the mouth, hoarse, shallow breathing, involuntary defecation.Death on the 1-3 day.
fatigue, headache, dizziness, drowsiness during the day, insomnia at night, dyspeptic symptoms, pain in the heart, shortness of breath, irritation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, diffuse myocardial changes, fatigue, autonomic dysfunction with bradycardia and hypotension,gastritis, chronic hepatitis.Weight Loss.Anemia.Kidney damage.Prolonged contact with dichloroethane -development dermatoses.