Poisoning with chlorinated biphenyl and naphthalene
Occupational Diseases / / May 11, 2016
Chlorobiphenyls - transparent viscous liquid.They are used in industry as "sovol" with chloronaphthalene as plasticizers for impregnation of insulating materials, lubricants, part of the hydraulic fluid.MPC - 1 mg / m3.
chloronaphthalene - a mixture of chlorinated naphthalene with different chlorine content (mainly tri- and tetranaftalinov) - solids are yellowish-green or brown.They are used as "galovaks" as a substitute for wax, as well as with hlordifonilami.MPC - 0.5 mg / m3.
enters the body is black respiratory system, as well as through the skin.Affects the liver, causing skin diseases.
Symptoms are chronic poisoning.Complaints dyspepsia, dizziness, pain in the right upper quadrant and in the stomach.OBJECTIVE: enlargement of the liver, the blood increased levels of bilirubin, cholesterol-lowering, sugar.In urobilin urine and bile pigments.
Signs of liver damage may occur in 1-1.5 years after the start of operation in adverse conditions.In severe cases, may occur acute yellow atrophy of t
most frequent diseases of the skin (especially face and neck).In severe forms, there are multiple drain suppurating pimples and boils.
light and medium forms of dermatitis during the early treatment disappear.Severe recover slowly, and then remain visible scars, disfiguring the face and neck.
hepatitis treatment is carried out by conventional methods.In acute photodermatitis - cold lotions (lead, boric) overnight superimposed indifferent paste or ointment.In uncomplicated acne recommended hot soap washing and wiping 2% salicylic alcohol, camphor.If folliculitis and pyoderma smeared 1-2% alcoholic solution of Gentian violet, methylene blue, bright (brilliant) green;shows high doses of vitamin A.
disability If you notice symptoms of liver disease must be suspension from work with galovaksom and Sovol and holding therapy, preferably with subsequent spa treatment.When expressed forms of dermatosis shows a transfer to another job that is not related to the impact of galovaksa, Sovol and toxic substances that cause similar disease (lubricating oils, etc..).
the presence of vapor - gas mask filter.If dust - dust masks;prokrahmalennaya much clothing (cotton overalls and underwear);separate storage of her daily washing.
to clean the skin from galovaksa and Sovol recommended soap containing turpentine.For skin protection apply different composition and protective ointment, applied to the face, neck and hands every day before work and during breaks.After work - a warm shower.