Poisoning with chlorinated hydrocarbons
Occupational Diseases / / May 09, 2016
chlorinated hydrocarbons are widely used in various industries (as solvents, degreasers, etc..) And in agriculture (mainly as pesticides).
Most common are methyl chloride, methylene chloride, carbon tetrachloride, dichloroethane, vinyl chloride, trichlorethylene, dichlorobenzene, chlorinated biphenyls, chlorinated naphthalenes.
aliphatic hydrocarbons, with the exception of methyl chloride gas, are volatile colorless liquid with a characteristic sweet odor.Aromatic hydrocarbons - liquids or solids.Chlorinated hydrocarbons enter the body Slano way through inhalation.Perhaps penetration through the skin.
Almost all toxic chlorinated hydrocarbons.Many of them are drug.Have a specific effect on the central and peripheral nervous system, affect the liver, kidneys, heart muscle and some other internal organs, particularly the pancreas and the endocrine glands.On the skin, most of chlorinated hydrocarbons is irritating, some of them may also cause allergic dermatitis and photodermatosis.
after acute or subacute poisoning are possible long-term consequences: functional disorders of the central nervous system, vegetative polyneuritis, toxic encephalopathy, optic neuritis, and atrophy of the optic nerve, optic neuritis.There may be a violation of the psychic sphere (paranoid psychosis, depression) as well as signs of myocardial damage.The consequence of toxic hepatitis can develop cirrhosis.Possible kidney disease, bronchitis, pneumonia.
Prolonged exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons is developing an intolerance to alcohol.
disability after acute intoxication, as well as the primary forms of chronic intoxication is recommended to transfer to another (temporary) work not related to the impact of chlorinated hydrocarbons.In case a high sensitivity to the effects of chlorinated hydrocarbons, in the presence of persistent residual effects of acute intoxication or chronic intoxication expressed phenomena (eg, chronic hepatitis) must be permanent employment - transfer to another job.