Pyridine, methylpyridine ( picoline) , poisoning
Occupational Diseases / / May 08, 2016
pyridine and methylpyridine - a colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor.They are used as solvents in organic synthesis, in the manufacture of dyes, to denature alcohol.MPC - 5 mg / m3.Comes in the form of vapor inhaled.Allocated partly through the respiratory system, mainly in unchanged form in the urine.Have a severe irritant properties, affect the nervous system, liver and kidneys.In the pathogenesis of certain importance is a violation of thiamine metabolism.
Acute inhalation poisoning
signs of irritation of eyes and upper respiratory tract, asthma, nausea, vomiting, euphoria.In more severe cases of poisoning - loss of consciousness, tonic convulsions, drop in blood pressure, voiceless heart tones, anuria.
complaints of weakness, drowsiness, irritability, increased sensitivity to cooling, sleep disturbances, headaches, nausea, pain in the epigastric region, pain in the limbs.Objectively: the sensitive vegetative polyneuritis, hypotension, decreased gastric acidity,
First aid and treatment of acute poisoning
Fresh air, rest, warm, sedatives (valerian tincture, motherwort), alkaline inhalation.In more severe cases of poisoning - inhalation of oxygen, carbogen, cardiovascular agents.Intravenous glucose to ascorbic acid, cocarboxylase.Hospitalization.
In chronic poisoning syndromic treatment.
After acute intoxication - a temporary suspension from work with toxic substances with the issuance of medical certificates.In cases of repeated (even light), acute intoxication, chronic poisoning, as well as their consequences (damage to the nervous system, liver, etc.). - Constant rational employment.
Respiratory Protection.Eliminates contact with the skin.Barrier creams.Suspension from work for pregnant and lactating women.