Occupational Diseases / / August 12, 2017
Titan refers to rare metals.Compact titanium - silver-white, chemically stable.Powdered titanium is highly active already at room temperature, it is possible to form oxides inflammation.titanium oxide - a white powder.Titanium carbide can be in compact and powder state.titanium boride - powdery substance.Titanium chloride - a colorless liquid with a pungent odor, is rapidly hydrolyzed with release of hydrogen chloride.
Titanium is widely used in ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, powder metallurgy, plastics, aircraft and engine technology;titanium dioxide - in the paint industry, in the production of artificial fibers etc.
Titanium -. bioelement.The main route of exposure in the form of dust and fumes - light.Metal titanium dioxide and titanium carbide have blurred fibrogenic action.
Workers marked weakness, fatigue, sleep disturbance, chronic bronchitis, often with symptoms of bronchospasm, the development of respiratory failure, myocardial hypoxia (ECG).
Prolonged exposure observed ben
titanium chloride is irritating.its hydrolysis products are more toxic than pure hydrogen chloride, causing the development of hypertrophic rhinitis and pharyngitis bronchitis, diffuse pulmonary fibrosis (production of powder metallurgy).
In working on the production of titanium (with a length of more than 3 years) observed phenomenon neurointoxication: hyperreflexia, sensory disturbances, hyperhidrosis, tremors.
10% solution of titanium chloride in contact with skin has sharp cauterizing effect - difficult healing burns II and III level.
in the production of ceramic capacitors (mixed dust exposure, the main components - titanium dioxide and talc) workers identified subatrophic pharyngitis, pharyngitis granulosa kind in the form of single "lentil beans" or cluster them on the back of the throat;emphysema;at the experience of more than 10-15 years - bilateral pulmonary fibrosis nucleating nature or with the presence of small nodular shadows corresponding stage I pneumoconiosis without pulmonary disease symptoms.
When working with titanium chloride - personal protection measures: acid-resistant suits, rubber gloves, aprons, boots, masks.When working with metallic titanium dust (because of its explosiveness) - the application of appropriate fire-fighting measures.Preliminary and periodic medical examinations.