Psychic reaction of patients to a cancer
Oncology / / August 12, 2017
difficult task for the physician is the decision on whether to report the diagnosis to the patient and in what form to do so.It is necessary to take into account differences in the behavior of the patients and the possible effects due to awareness.
Most patients do not seek to know the truth about the nature of his illness.In these cases, psychotherapy is recommended to maintain a connection with surface conversations about the disease.Some patients expect calming of information about their disease.The lowest part of the patient insists on accurate information about the illness, its treatment and course.Misleading of such patients is not always correct.In such cases, you must report the diagnosis in the selection of appropriate wording in the appropriate place and at the dedication of this enough time.It should strive to maintain the trust and hope of the patient.
Mental reaction after the announcement of the diagnosis temporally can manifest in the form of reactive states of variable duration or prol
In a subsequent phase of mental reactions (formation of a new identity) of the patients adapt to create real conditions and is capable of using the physician to combat the disease.The aim of the doctor is the early formation of a personality.
In the process of the disease with the help of psychological research can identify and negative personality traits, which in most cases make it difficult to cooperate with the patient's physician.
When using interview methods possible to identify conflicts tragedy ambivalent feelings.Cancer patients is characterized by shyness, depression, negative emotions (anger, hatred, jealousy).
According to most authors, including people suffering from cancer, the risk of suicide is not much higher than in the normal population (0.8%).The frequency of suicide is higher among men suffering from tumors of the larynx and neck, as well as leukemia and Hodgkin's disease at a young age.Factors that could cause suicide, are: emotional distress (depression, anxiety), the lack of ability to endure pain, fatigue, mobilization of endogenous psychoses, lack of appropriate therapy.Prolonged emotional reactions of the patient to reduce the adaptability of his illness and the new conditions of life.On the basis of statistical data it can be argued that the presence of negative mental reactions, mainly depressive syndrome, cancer prognosis worse, the average survival figure below.Such mental reactions are important and suicide.