Poisoning by ethylene oxide
Occupational Diseases / / April 22, 2016
ethylene oxide (oxirane, ethylene oxide) - gas at low temperatures - a colorless liquid with ether odor.It is used in organic synthesis, as a pesticide and disinfectant in agriculture and households, often in mixtures with carbon dioxide (karboksid).MPC - 1 mg / m3.
an irritant, narcotic and strong general toxic properties.Easily penetrate through clothing and footwear, irritate the skin dramatically.Eye contact causes burns.
Symptoms of acute intoxication
facial flushing, severe throbbing headache, dizziness, slurred speech, rhythm disturbance of cardiac activity, a sweet taste in the mouth, nausea, vomiting, tightness, pain in the legs, uncertain gait.The asymmetry of the facial nerve supply, sluggish reaction of pupils to light, decreased or absent tendon reflexes, increased muscle excitability, enlargement of the liver and the violation of its functions.
Symptoms of chronic poisoning
Complaints of pain in the distal extremities, headache, dyspepsia.
OBJECTIVE: trembling fingers outstretched
Skin - dermatitis with typical small bubbles, redness onbackground edema;found bullous form.Skin lesions sometimes accompanied by fever and leukocytosis.
First aid and treatment
fresh air.Calm, warm.Caffeine, kordiamin.Intravenous Glucose 40% solution with ascorbic acid rich alkaline water (borzhom, 5% sodium hydrogen carbonate), B1 vitamins, B6, B12, calcium preparations, prolonged inhalation of oxygen.
After contact with skin, immediately remove her tampon ethylene oxide moistened with rubbing alcohol, then rinse thoroughly with soap and water, grease lanolin.
case of contact with eyes - long copious rinsing with running water.
disability If you have even a slight residual effects of acute intoxication transferred, as well as the initial symptoms of chronic intoxication shows temporary transfer to a job that is not related to exposure to toxic substances.In more severe phenomena - permanent employment.
Respiratory Protection (masks), the skin (clothing, gloves).