Operations for breast cancer
Oncology / / April 26, 2016
Among the factors influencing the selection of operations, marked:
· Stage of the disease and the presence / absence of metastasis
· The size and location of the tumor
· Personal wishes of the patient
After a detailed diagnostic study surgeon will offer a patient one of the following operations:
·Partial (segmental) mastectomy - removing a quarter of breast
· Lumpectomy - local excision of tumors
· mastectomy (radical or non-radical) - complete removal of the breast, usually with sentinel lymph node
In the early stages of breast cancer can be carried out eitherconserving surgery or full version mastektomiyu.Vybor surgery depends, among other factors, on the likelihood of recurrence of the disease.
Research experts in the field of Oncology showed that in the early stages of breast cancer segmental mastectomy and lumpectomy followed by radiotherapy as effective as a full mastectomy.
Partial mastectomy and lumpectomy
Partial mastectomy and lumpectomy - surgery, allowing you to save the br
When conducting a simple mastectomy removes the entire breast, including the nipple, but without axillary lymph nodes or muscle tissue under the breast.Simple mastectomy is the most common type of surgery used in the surgical treatment of breast cancer.
Radical mastectomy - a vast operation in which the entire breast is removed axillary lymph nodes and muscles under the breast.Recently, this type of operation is rarely used.This method has more side effects, in addition to post-operative pain and lack of aesthetic, you may experience hematoma (accumulation of blood in the wound) and gray (clear fluid in the wound).
Research sentinel lymph node
In order to determine whether the cancer has spread lymph nodes, one of them is removed for further research in the laboratory.This is a very important point in the diagnosis, as it influences the choice of the method of post-operative treatment.If cancer cells are present in the lymph nodes, a high probability of recurrence and metastasis, so appropriate to appoint a course of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.