Neurology / / April 30, 2016
Argued though joint disease - the inheritance of the elderly.And indeed, those who are over fifty, they are more common.But the young are not immune to this disease.But if the elderly are the most common metabolic polyarthritis (arthritis), the 30-50-year-olds - rheumatoid arthritis.
How dangerous rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis (until recently it was called infectious nonspecific polyarthritis) - a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints.A polyarthritis ( "poly" - a lot, "al-throne" - joint) means - multiple joint disease.Nonspecific called him because he, unlike conventional infectious diseases, it is not contagious, but nevertheless associated with the presence of chronic infectious focus (tonsillitis, cholecystitis, dental caries).
Sometimes the disease begins rapidly, especially after acute infection or a long-term cooling.In other cases, a person, seemingly for no apparent reason the temperature rises, there is a weakness, sweating, loss of appetite.My first thought - a cold.H
affect any joints, but most hands.If not treated, in inflamed joints movements become limited, and in severe cases there is complete immobility.
What causes it?
until they finally clarified.It is only known that the disease is associated with impaired immunity - immunity to infection.He is unable to suppress inflammation, and it becomes chronic.As a result of the illness captures cartilage, ligaments, tendons and subchondral bone layers, deforms the joints, which leads to a limitation in their mobility.
How to treat rheumatoid arthritis?
effectiveness of the treatment, the higher the earlier it is started.Noticing joint swelling or feeling the pain in them, should immediately seek medical attention.There are about one hundred rheumatic diseases whose symptoms are similar to those in the early stages.Therefore, an accurate diagnosis can only be a specialist.
Modern Rheumatology has a sufficient arsenal of means by which is possible to greatly facilitate for rheumatoid arthritis, significantly reduce joint damage, prevent them persistent changes.The most important thing - just follow all prescription and not to self-medicate, "sitting on a diet", taking "miraculous propolis (completely ineffective for arthritis drug) or a variety of medicinal plants.
In cases where the concern is not only the pain in the joints, but there is a weakness, weight loss, anemia, in addition to the active drug treatment, patients are encouraged to comply with bed rest, to restrict movement.Lying is necessary on the hard mattress and a pillow, and that the joints were functionally advantageous position, arms and legs should be straight.
Most patients are wondering whether to comply with any diet is necessary, if the stomach is in good condition, is not impressed by heart or kidney, then there is no need for a special diet restrictions.As with other chronic inflammatory diseases recommended products containing more protein;meat, fish, cottage cheese, cheese, eggs.Useful vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins C and P. Salt the food there is not necessary, since the excess salt can enhance the inflammatory process.
sure it is necessary to deal with physical therapy.Useful massage, but only when there is no acute inflammatory manifestations.Reduce the heat to help the pain treatments that are recommended by day.Houses easiest way to do a warm bath for the hands.Water temperature 36-37 °, duration of procedure is 10-15 minutes.In water, it is necessary to move the fingers.If a person is working, it is better to make baths in the late afternoon.
sand retains heat well.1-1.5 kg it is screened, heated in a frying pan to 40-50 ° and poured into the oilcloth bag size 15x20 cm. Pouch worn fabric cover.The affected wrist tightly draped in several bags and wrap a warm scarf, a scarf.Keep sand heating pad for 20 minutes.After it is useful to immediately make active movements brush.
approximate range of physiotherapy and massage in rheumatoid arthritis
Massage is performed once a day for 10-15 minutes before physical therapy, all techniques performed from 3 to 6 times.Do this carefully so as not to cause or increase the pain.For better slip palm rub talcum powder or baby powder (you can use a nourishing cream, vegetable oil) »
introductory massage.Take the right side to the table, put a little bent at the elbow on the table (on the soft brush roller).Spend stroking the back surface of the fingertips to the elbow, and then turning the brush stroke palm and forearm on the inside of his hand (Fig. 1), Stroking carried out slowly, rhythmically, for 2 minutes.
Massage forearm.Slightly bend the right arm at the elbow and stretch them on the table.Iron the mound of the thumb, first inside, and then the outer side of the forearm (Fig. 2).Movement within 1-2 minutes carried by wrist to the elbow, and then make a circular stroke (Fig. 3).
massage fingers.Putting his hand on the shaft and alternately clasping each finger thumb, index and middle fingers of his right hand, stroking it from the nail to the bottom, avoiding the joints (2-3 times each finger).
Massage brush.It also carried out on a roller and, as it were rubbing each patient tendon rear brush pads and the hill of thumb, do 8-10 up and down movements.
finished massage his right hand, it is necessary to do the same on the left.
physiotherapy held sitting on a chair, his hand on the table, breathing arbitrary.
put his hand on the table with his hand, straighten the fingers and connect them to breed, flexion and extension;repeat 5-6 times,
Place the brush on the edge.Straight fingers closer to the palm of your hand, straighten, make a fist, to let go;repeat 3-5 times.
Place forearm on the table, hanging brush.Flexion and extension of the brush.Make a circular motion at the wrist joint to the side of the thumb;repeat 5-7 times.
Place the brush on the edge, gently bend the fingers.Use your thumb to touch the rest of series, each hold about 5 s;repeat 7-9 times.
All exercises are repeated with the other hand.After every 3-4 exercises should be done breathing: raise your hands up to the shoulder girdle - inhale, lower - exhale;repeated 2-3 times.
Massage and gymnastics should start as early as possible and continues throughout life.