Treatment of baldness ( alopecia )
Beauty And Health / / May 01, 2016
Etiology and pathogenesis of all types of alopecia (baldness) has not been clarified.Development of the disease may contribute to the neuro-psychological factors (shock, fatigue), endocrine (hypofunction of the parathyroid glands, hyperthyroidism, gipokortitsizm), autoimmune, hereditary, mechanical (hair blowing down wearing hairpieces), hypovitaminosis, lack of trace elements (zinc, copper, iron,, magnesium, silicon), the presence of chronic infection foci (caries, tonsillitis, sinusitis, giardiasis), infectious diseases (typhoid, etc.), helminth infections, seborrhea, receiving cytotoxic, antikoagulyayatnyh drugs, X-ray irradiation, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, syphilis,leprosy, crusted ringworm, poor hair care.
main types of alopecia are: congenital, Premature, senile, alopecia, seborrheic, toxic, scar, syphilitic, leprosum.
When alopecia (focal) alopecia baldness appear rounded pockets of various sizes that are gradually increased, and sometimes merge.Typically the process begins w
Varieties alopecia baldness are hair loss in the form of a crown, a boundary value (Blends Ribbon), exposing, total, universal.When alopecia regional center is located in the occipital and temporal-parietal areas in the form of tape.When baring alopecia large pockets extend to the entire scalp, leaving unchanged the small islands of the hair.In total baldness hair falls out completely, not only in the area of the scalp, but also in the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, and with universal alopecia also on the trunk and extremities.Often patients are detected simultaneously neurasthenia, dystonia, onychodystrophy.Seborrheic alopecia usually develops at a young age.
Toxic alopecia occurs when chronic administration of cytotoxic and other drugs, scar occurs in cases of lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, when X-ray irradiation.Syphilitic alopecia is melkoochagovogo (picture "fur, moth-eaten"), diffuse, the mixed.In individuals with alopecia, the hair falls leprosum first with the outer edges of the eyebrows, then over their entire length.
treatment of patients with hair loss should be individualized, taking into account the identified violations of metabolism in the body, associated diseases.The patient should be carefully examined for eggs of worms, fungi, syphilis and others., To hold a consultation with a physician, neurologist, endocrinologist.It is necessary to maintain the proper work and rest.According to the testimony prescribe sedatives, as well as carry out sanitation of chronic infection foci.Vitamins used in injections or orally (dekamevit, undevit), calcium preparations, phosphorus and iron (calcium glycerophosphate, fitoferrolaktol, fosfren, ferropleks), zinc oxide, duplex, adenosine triphosphate, befungin, methionine, etc .;in some cases, acupuncture is performed.
When alopecia hair loss, especially in total and universal, is also used furokumarinovye drugs (psoralen, beroksan, psoberan) inward and outward scheme, PUVA therapy.
With progressive baldness vigorous external treatment is contraindicated.In the stationary phase in order to improve the tone of the neuro-receptor apparatus and stimulate hair growth prescribed rubbing various skin-irritating agents: onions, peppers, garlic, settings peppers, kapsina, kapsitrina, 5% chloral hydrate solution, paste Rosenthal, ointment "Api-zartron""Virapin", "Viproeal", "The Viprosal" liniment "Vipratoks" tinctures of eucalyptus, marigold, aralia, sterculia, Rhaponticum, Eleutherococcus extract, irrigation centers of baldness chloroethyl.
When resistance to therapy for women with ovarian hypofunction after consulting a gynecologist prescribed in the first half of the menstrual cycle, 0.25%, and men 0.1-0.25% sinestrolovy cream.When hair loss is shown as 0.1% metandrostenolonovy cream.
patients with seborrheic alopecia appointed interior vitamin A (retinol acetate), purified sulfur.When alopecia on the background of oily seborrhea rubbed Quinic water betulin.
When alopecia on a background of dry seborrhea externally applied castor oil with a raw egg yolk and the juice of onion.
For oily seborrhea shown sulsenovogo hair washing and boron-tar soap.After washing the hair with seborrheic alopecia shown rinse decoction of nettle, burdock, hop the rate of 1 tablespoon of dried plant for 1 liter of water.
Persons suffering from hair loss, also nominated scalp massage, a variety of physical therapy treatments: ultraviolet irradiation, Cryomassage liquid nitrogen and snow of carbonic acid, electrophoresis of zinc, phonophoresis of drugs vitamins, paraffin-ozokerite applications on the pockets of alopecia, electrophoresis of bromine on a collar zone byScherbakov, darsonvalization scalp and cervical paravertebral areas, diathermy in the area of cervical sympathetic ganglia.In cases of syphilis and leprosy carried alopecia treatment of the underlying disease.
Typically, seborrheic alopecia and hair loss respond well to treatment, with a total labor cases of complete recovery are rare;congenital, scar, universal alopecia poor prognosis.