Nutrition for heart disease
Healthy Eating And Diet / / May 04, 2016
healthy and properly chosen diet is an important factor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
healthy diet and proper lifestyle can reduce the risk:
- heart disease - such, for example, heart attacks and strokes;
- conditions or symptoms that lead to heart disease, including such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and obesity;
- other chronic health problems, including such as: diabetes type 2..
- Fruits and vegetables. Most fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet for the heart.They are good sources of fiber, vitamins and minerals.Most of them are low in fat, calories, sodium (salt), and cholesterol (or a cholesterol - an organic compound, a natural fatty alcohol contained in the cell membranes of most living organisms Cholesterol is insoluble in water, it is soluble in fats and organic solvents Approx..80% of the cholesterol the body produces itself - the liver, intestines, kidneys, adrenal glands, gonads), the remaining 20% com
- grains and cereals. Dietitians advised to eat low-fat bread, cereal, crackers, rice, pasta and starchy vegetables (such as peas, potatoes, corn, beans).These are products with a high content of vitamins, iron, fiber, minerals, complex carbohydrates, and low in fat and cholesterol harmful.
Eat six or more daily servings of grain products, including especially - whole grain.However, be careful not to consume too much grain: it will contribute to the rapid recruitment of large weight.
Avoid consumption of bakery products - such as loaves, rolls, crackers and cheese, croissants and cream sauces for pasta and soups, mashed potatoes.
- Eating healthy protein. Meat, poultry, seafood, peas, lentils, nuts, and eggs are good sources of protein, B vitamins, iron and other vitamins and minerals.
If the patient suffers from heart disease, he should avoid the consumption of duck, goose, beef steak, meat pieces of high-fat, meat by-products - such as the kidneys, liver, spleen, lungs, heart and meat products - such as sausage,hotdogs and all the meat with a high fat content.
Eat no more than 150-200 grams of cooked meat, poultry and fish on a daily basis.One serving of these products should be on the plate about the size of a plastic card.
Eat two servings of fish per week.
- Branch all visible fat from meat before cooking . Baking meat, it's easy broiling, steaming, boiling or cooking in a microwave oven is much more preferable than frying.
For the main dishes first, use less meat or even meat is lean, portions several times a week.Use less meat to reduce the total fat content of the meal.
Use turkey or chicken without skin, fish or lean red meat in the diet to reduce the amount of saturated fat.Sometimes it is possible to eat 85 grams of lean red meat.
Try to use no more than three or four egg yolks per week, including those considered eggs, which are used in cooking.
minimized or completely refuse from meat by-products (including beef, pork or lamb liver) and shellfish (such as shrimp and lobster).
milk and other dairy products are a good source of protein, calcium, vitamins: niacin, riboflavin, A and D. It is useful to use skim or 1% milk.Cheese, yogurt, buttermilk (milk byproduct obtained in the production of oil from cow milk concentrate deficient and biologically active substances) need to be low-fat or fat-free.
- Fats, Oils, and Cholesterol . A diet high in saturated fat causes a build-up of harmful cholesterol in the arteries (blood vessels).Cholesterol may cause oppression, or blockage of the arteries.This puts the patient at risk of heart attack, stroke and other serious health problems.We strongly recommend that you avoid or limit in your diet foods high in saturated fat.
recommend limiting total fat intake to 25-35% of total daily calories, and saturated fat - not more than 10% of total daily calories.
products with a lot of saturated fats - these are animal products like butter, cheese, whole cow's milk, ice cream, sour cream, lard and fatty meats such as bacon, or many parts of the lamb.Some
vegetable oils (coconut, palm, etc.) also contain saturated fats.These fats at room temperatures remain solid.
Use no more than 5-8 teaspoons of fats or oils per day for salads, hot food and pastries.It is necessary to consume no more than 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day (one egg yolk contains an average of 213 mg of cholesterol).Some fats are better than others, but you still need to use them in moderation.
- Margarine and butter. better to choose a soft or liquid margarine (from liquid vegetable oil as the first ingredient).Even better - selecting "light" margarines in which water is named as the first ingredient.This margarine is better than saturated fats.
necessary to avoid hydrogenated and partially hydrogenated fats (need to read the ingredients on the label and do not take products containing in its composition such fats).
Trans fatty acids - unhealthy fats which promote solidification of the vegetable oil.They are often used for a long time to keep the products fresh, and for cooking in restaurants and fast food restaurants.
Trans fats can raise levels of "bad" cholesterol in the blood.Trans fats may also reduce the level of "good" cholesterol.
We strongly recommend that you avoid fried foods, purchased baked goods (donuts, cookies, crackers), processed foods, and hard margarines.
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Other tips for keeping the heart healthy
useful to consult a professional nutritionist.Recommended cores maintain their "ideal" body weight and try to balance the number of calories consumed each day.The patient can ask a dietitian questions about how power will be most appropriate and healthy for him.We advise all people who suffer from heart disease, limit the intake of foods high in calories and low in nutrients, including such as sugary drinks, jams and sweets, which contain a lot of sugar.
We must have no more than 2,400 mg of sodium (dietary salt) per day.You can reduce the salt by reducing the amount of salt when added to food at the table.It is also good to limit salt added to food is prepared - for example, canned vegetables, fish and soups, dried meat and some frozen food.Always check the labels of food products for sodium (salt) per serving.
Cardiologists strongly rekomenduenyut regularly engaged in physical culture and sports.For example, walking - at least 30 minutes a day.
Cores need to exclude alcohol from the diet or at least significantly reduce its consumption.